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BIGOD and D'AUBIGNY BRANCHES




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Last revision 5 Dec 2015

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(Names in red are my direct ancestors)

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Click on the surname you are interested to see its location
Albini...ap Caradog...ap Caswallan...ap Coellyn...ap Einydd...ap Gwrddwfm...ap Gwrfawr
ap Llyr...ap Macsen...ap Merchion...ap Owain...Basset...Bigod...Burnet
Claudius...Clemens...Crispina...Daubeny...Despenser...D'Alsace...D'Aubigny
D'Avranches...de Blois...De Beulac...De Beaumont...De Bourges...De Bourgogne
De Chaworth...De Clare...De Cologne...De Conteville...De Essex...D'Eu...De Ferriers
De Grandison...de Hastings...De La Haye...De Hilary...De Kyme...De Lacy...De Lenveise...De Lorraine-Inferieur
De Louvain...De Metz abt 561...De Metz abt 670...De Montagu...De Montford...De Montanlier...De Mowbray
De Namur...De Narbonne...De Newburgh...De Percy...De Plessis...De St Armand...De St Sauveur
De Stuteville...De Somery...De Tateshall...De Toeni...De Tours...De Tregoz...De Troyes...De Vere 1149...de Vere abt 1210...
De Warenne...di Dadarna...Di Savona...Caroling...Ectonides...ferch Bran...ferch Cadfan
ferch Coel...ferch Eudaf...ferch Gwidol...ferch Ludd...ferch Rheiden...Ferreolus...Fitzalan abt 1220...Fitzalan abt 1345...FitzEustace
Fitzgeoffrey...FitzRobert...Galloway...Graham...Hrolfsson...Le Goz...Meroving...Le Meshines...Marshal
Mohaut...Pendragon...Plantagent...Von Cleve...Von Sulzbach



Coat of Arms for Bigod



GENERATION 1

1 Caswallan (Casssivellaunos) (King of the Britons, b 62 BC ) m Gwladys ferch EURGEN

Note: Caswallan was my 61 x great grandfather and said to be son of Beli Mawr, known as the Great.

The earliest known historical British king, Caswallon (known to Romans as Cassivelaunos) was ruler of the Catuvellauni tribe who dominated the lands to the north of the Thames, and most of what is now Bedfordwhire, hertfordshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire and into Wiltshire. His stronghold was at what is now Wheathamstead. We known nothing of Caswallon's background, other than that he was alledgedly the son of Beli and brother of Lud. He was evidently a powerful warrior king able to establish himself as the high-king of the British tribes as, before Caesar's invasion of Britain in 55 BC, Caswallon had already attacked the tribe of the Trinovantes in Essex and killed their king . Other, smaller tribes looked to Caswallon as their overlord and, more importantly, protector, as Caesar prepared for his invasion.
It is recorded that Caswallon had an army of over 4,000 charioteers let along infantry. Even these, though, were no match for the Romans. After a series of battles and sorties, the British were forced into an encampment guarded by stakes along the north side of the Thames. Realising the strength of the Roman army, Caswallon negotiated with Caesar via Commius. Caesar succeeded in exacting tribute and hostages, and returned to Gaul, fearing an uprising of the Gallic tribes. The fact that Caesar was unable to conquer Britain outright says something for the power and determination of the British tribes and of Caswallon as leader.


Child of Caswallan and Gwladys
2......
Llyr Lleddiarth ap Caswallan b abt 50 BC Trefan, Llanilid, Glamorgan



GENERATION 2

B2 Llyr Lleddiarth ap CASWALLAN "Half Speech" ( Prince of Siluria) m (a) Penarddun ferch LLUD (b) Iwerladd ferch BELI MAWR

Note: Panarddun and Iwerladd were both the daughters of Llud Llaw ap BELI Mawr. Llyr may have been the model for Shakespear's "King Lear".

Child of Llyr and Penarddun
3......Bran Vendigaid dob unknown
4......Lyr Beli ap Llyr dob unknown
5......Manawdan ap Llyr dob unknown
6......Branwen ap Llyr dob unknown
7......Caradoc ap Llyr dob unknown
8......Nisien ap Llyr dob unknown
9......Efnysien ferch Llyr dob unknown

Children of Llyr and Iwerladd
10....Bron ap Llyr dob unknown
11.... Cymbeline Pendragon ap Llyr b abt 44AD
12....Manwdan ferch Llyr dob unknown



GENERATION 3

13 Gwenivyth Arvirargus PENDRAGON King in Siluria d 74AD m Genuissa Julia

These were my 59th great grandparents.

Genuissa was the daughter of Tiberius "Claudius" Drusus Nero Germanicus Roman Emperor (41-54) and Julia Agrippina "The Younger". Geoffrey of Monmouth, who wrote "The History of the Kings of Britain" said "He (Claudius) therefore proposed peace to him (Arvirargus), promising to give him his own daughter, if only he would recognize that the kingdom of Britain was under the sway of Rome. His nobles persuaded Arvirargus to abandon his plans for battle and to accept the proposals of Claudius. Their argument was that it could be no disgrace for him to submit to the Romans, since they were the acknowledged overlords of the whole world. Arvirargus was swayed by these arguments and by others of a similar nature. He accepted their advice and submitted to Claudius. Claudius soon sent to Rome for his daughter. With the help of Arvirargus he subdued the Orkneys and the other islands in that neighbourhood.

At the end of that winter the messengers returned with Claudius' daughter and handed her over to her father. The girl's name was Genvissa (= Genuissa). Her beauty was such that everyone who saw her was filled with admiration. Once she had been united with him in lawful marriage, she inflamed the King with such burning passion that he preferred her company to anything else in the world. As a result of this Arvirargus made up his mind to give some special mark of distinction to the place where he had married her. He suggested to Claudius that the two of them should found there a city which should perpetuate in times to come the memory of so happy a marriage. Claudius agreed and ordered a town to be built which should be called Kaerglou or Gloucester. Down to our own day it retains its site on the bank of the Severn, between Wales and Loegria. "

Child of Gwenivyth and Genuissa
14......Meric Marius Pendragon d 125


3 Bran Vendigaid "The Blessed" ap LLYR (King of Siluria and Arch druid of Siluria) m Enygeus

Bran, King of Siluria, also commander of the British fleet. In the year 136 he resigned the crown to his son Caradoc and became Arch-Druid of the college of Siluria, where he remained some years until called upon to be a hostage for his son. During his seven years in Rome he became the first royal convert to Christianity, and was baptized by the Apostle Paul, as was his son Caradoc and the latter's two sons, Cyllinus and Cynon. Henceforth he was known as Bran the Blessed Sovereign. "He was the first to bring the faith of Christ to the Cymry." His recorded proverb is: "There is no good apart from God."
He introduced the use of vellum into Britain.

Genuissa was the daughter of the emperor Clausius

Children of Bran and Enygeus
15......Penarddun ferch Bran dob unknown
16......Caradog ap Bran dob unknown
17......Beli ap Bran dob unknown
18......Bran ap Bran dob unknown
19......Anna (Enygeus) dob unknown



GENERATION 4

15 Penarddun ferch BRAN m 14 Meric Marius PENDRAGON (King of Siluria)

Children of Meric and Penardun
20......Eurgen Pendragon ap Meric dob unknown
21......Coel I Godhebog ap Meric b 125 Camulodinum d 170


16 Caradog ap BRAN (Prince of the Silures) m Eurgain

Children of Caradog and Eurgain
22......Coellyn (Cyllin) ap Caradog b abt 35AD Trevan, Llanilid d 80 AD Rome
23......Ystradwl ferch Caradog b abt 88
24......Eudaf ap Caradog dob unknown



GENERATION 5

21 Coel I Godhebog PENDRAGON (King of the Britons) m Strata Ystrafael ferch CADFAN (d 262)

According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, Coel Godhebog was lord of Colchester, or Caer Colim (effectively a dux, and perhaps even a protector of part of the Saxon Shore, given his location). In legendary terms, he began a rebellion against Asclepiodotus and killed him in battle. Then Coel ruled the whole country, submitting to Constantius (his son in law). Coel died after a short reign.

It is thought that Coel was the origin of "Old King Cole"

Children of Coel and Strata
25......Athildis ferch Coel b Colchester m Marcomir IV (Chief of the Silurian Franks)
26......Helena ferch Coel b abt 248 Bythinia d abt 328 Constantinople m Flavius Valerius CONSTANTIUS (Western Roman Emperor)



Coin of Constantius

27......Eurgen dob unknown m Aminadab
Eurgen was educated at Rome, and was king in Britain in 125


21 Coellyn (Cyllin) ap CARADOG m Cartismandua

Child of Coellyn and Cartismandua
28......Owain ap Coellyn b abt 105AD



GENERATION 6

28 Owain ap COELLYN (Prince of the Silures) m Unknown

Child of Owain and unknown
29......Meirchion ap Owain b abt 140


30 Claudius "The Illyrian" b abt 184 AD m unknown

Child of Claudius and unknown
31......
Marcus Aurelius Flavius Claudius b 214 Illyria d 270 Rome of plague
32......Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus dob unknown



GENERATION 7

29 Meirchion ap OWAIN (Prince of the Silures) m unknown

Child of Meirchion and unknown
33......Cwrrig "Mawr" ap Merchion b 179


31 Marcus Aurelius Flavius CLAUDIUS II "The Gothic" (42nd Emperor of Rome) m Aurelia abt 234



Bust of Claudius the Gothic

Child of Marcus and Aurelia
34......Flavius Eutropius dob unknown b at Dardana



GENERATION 8

33 Cwrrig "Mawr" ap MEIRCHION (Prince of the Silures) m unknown

Child of Cwrrig and unknown
35......Gordyffyn ap Cwrrig b abt 215 Glamorgan d in Somme, France


34 Flavius Eutropius di DARDANA m Claudia CRISPINA (b abt 226)

Child of Flavius and Claudia
36......Constantius I Chlorus b 31 Mar 250 York, England d 25 Jul 306 York, England



GENERATION 9

35 Gordyffyn ap CWRRIG (Prince of the Silures) m unknown

Child of Gordyffyn and unknown
37......Einydd ap Gordyffyn dob unknown


36 Constantine I Chlorus (Western Roman Emperor) m (a) 26 Helena Brittanica ferch COEL (b abt 248 Bythinia d abt 328) (b) Theodora



Argentius of Constantius and his bust

Note: It is quite possible that Helena wa a mistress rather than a wife.

These were my 53rd great grandparents

Child of Constantine and Helena
38......Constantine b 27 Feb 272 Naissus, Serbia d 22 May 337

Children of Constantine and Theodora
39......Constantina dob uncertain d 354
40......Flavius Claudius b 316 d 340
41......Flavius Julius Constantius b 317 Atles, Sirmium d 3 Nov 361 Aquelia
42......Flavius Julius Constans b 320 d 350



GENERATION 10

37 Einydd ap GWRDDWFM (Prince of the Silures) m

Children of Einydd and unknown
43......Eudaf Octavius ap Einydd b abt 283
44......Gereint ap Einydd b abt 285
45......Arthfael ap Einydd b abt 310
46......Brycan ap Einydd dob unknown
47......Thamates ferch Einydd dob unknown


B21 Constantine "The Great" (founder of the Byzantine Empire) m (a) Flavia Minerva FAUSTA (executed 326) (b) Flavia Maxima



Statue of Constantine the Great found in York.

You can read about the Emperor Constantine here



Gold coin of Constantine the Great.

Children of Constantine and Minerva
48......Maximanus Constans b 322 or 340
49......Flavia dob unknown
50......Fausta dob unknown
51......Crispus b abt 326

Children of Constantine and Flavia
52......Constantine II dob unknown d 340
53......Constantius II dob unknown d 361
54......Constans dob unknown d 350
55......Helena dob unknown
56......Constantia dob unknown



GENERATION 11

43 Eudadd Octavius "Hen" Ap EINYDD (Prince of Ewyas) m Carausius

Note: Elen married later to B30 Maximuz II Magnus CLEMENS.

Ewyas was roughly the same as south Herefordshire; Offas dyke was to the west, Craig Serrethin to the south, the Golden Valley to the east and Clifford to the north.

Eudaf supposedly took up the British High Kingship after defeating Trahearn, the brother of King Coel Godhebog (the Magnificent), in the fourth century. He had no sons, and was succeeded by his son-in-law, the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Conan Meriadoc, his nephew, eventually became king of both Armorica and Dumnonia.
Like many prominent men of their era, Eudaf and Conan would have dressed as Romans, but maintained continuity with their Celtic traditions by claiming descent from historic Britons who ruled the Dumnonii and Silures, and perhaps others, as the High Kings of Britain.
Eudaf also claimed the title Lord of the Gewissae. This may have been applied to him by later Gwent or even Dumnonian rulers to establish the legitimacy of a possible brief overlordship over the West Saxon Gewiss? (until they became a dominant force in the mid-sixth century).
There is the possibility that this title was incorrectly applied in reference to the Hwicce, Saxons of a later kingdom based on Gloucestershire, which had its own British origins in Caer Gloui. The West Saxons led the fighting against British kingdoms around Gloucester and the River Severn in the late sixth century, and the Hwicce seem to have grabbed their own kingdom from at least some of the territory taken.
After Eudaf Hen, Ewyas was ruled for a short period by his brother, Arthfael, and was passed onto his sons, Gwrgant ap Arthfael and Meirchion ap Gwrgant. This final probable ruler of Ewyas died childless, and the, by then, High King Vortigern, placed his eldest son in charge of the kingdom .
Early Ewyas seems to have encompassed rather more of Wales than the later Gwent and Ercing kingdoms, apparently reaching north towards the Black Mountains just below modern Clifford in Herefordshire, and perhaps taking in part of Herefordshire itself. This region split from Gwent to form the northern point of Ercing.
By the time of the Domesday Survey, Ercing had long since disappeared, and Gwent was slightly reduced. Ewias (a later spelling, and maybe a Norman pronunciation) was a semi-independent principality covering an area roughly between the line of Offa's Dyke path beneath the Black Mountains in the west, Craig Serrethin in the south, the line of the Golden Valley in the east, and Yager Hill and Cefn Hill to the north, just below Clifford.
Although it cannot have survived for long, its capital is still remembered today in the village of Ewyas Harold.

Child of Eudaf and Carausius.


57......Geraint ap Eudadd dob unknown d 338 Somme, France
58......Elen Llwyddog ferch Eudadd b abt 340
59......Thametes ferch Eudadd dob unknown
60......Erbin ap Eudadd dob unknown
61......Arthfael ap Eudadd dob unknown
62......Bryncan dob unknown d 352



GENERATION 12


57 Geraint ap Euddad m Thamates

Child of Geraint and Thamates
66......Conan ap Geraint b 305 d 367 m (a) Ursula verch Dynod (b) Dareca ferch Calpurnius


48 Maximus II Magnus Clemens (Western Roman Emperor aka Macsen Wledig) m (a) 58 Elen Llwyddog ferch EUDAF (of the Gewessi) (b) Ceindreth ferch RHEIDEN

Elen's story is told in The Dream of Macsen Wledig", one of the tales associated with the Mabinogion. Welsh mythology remembers her as the daughter of a chieftain of north Wales named Eudaf or Eudwy, who probably lived somewhere near the Roman base of Segontium, now Caernarfon. She is remembered for having Macsen build roads across her country so that the soldiers could more easily defend it from attackers, thus earning her the name Elen Luyddog (Elen of the Hosts). She is said to have introduced into Wales the Celtic form of monasticism from Gaul.

In 383 as commander of Britain, Macsen usurped the throne against emperor Gratian; and through negotiation with emperor Theodosius I the following year he was made emperor in Britannia and Gaul while Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 387 Maximus' ambitions led him to invade Italy, resulting in his defeat by Theodosius I at the Battle of the Save in 388. In the view of some historians his death marked the end of direct imperial presence in northern Gaul and Britain. Although these increasingly neglected provinces remained part of the Roman Empire after Maximus, no significant Roman emperor (ignoring shadowy and short-lived usurpers) ever went north of Lyons again.



Coin of Macsen


Children of Maximus and Elen
67......Annwn "Dyfed" ap Macsen b abt 356
68......Constantine ap Macsen dob unknown
69......Ennodia ferch Macsen dob unknown
70......Gratiana ferch Macsen b Wales m Tudwal ap GWRFAWR bef 396
71......Severa ferch Macsen b abt 385 m Vortigern Gwrtheryrn ap GWIDOL

Child of Maximus and Ceindrech
72......Owain ap Macsen b abt 358 d aft 378 Dinas Emrys, Gwynedd
Note: Owain became King of Cernyw. He was also known as Eugenius filius Maximus



GENERATION 13

68 Constantine "The Tyrant" ap MACSEN of Rome m unknown



Solidus of Constantine

Child of Constantine and unknown
73......Magna Major ap Constantine b abt 380 d in Roma, Tuscia et Umbria, Italia Suburbica.



GENERATION 14

74 Flavius Afranius Syagrius (Roman Consul in Gaul b abt 345) m unknown

He was of paternal Roman descent as a Gallo-Roman Senator. He became proconsul of Africa in 379, praefectus Urbis Romae in 381, praefectus praetorio Italiae in 382 and was consul with Flavius Claudius Antonius in 382. Afranius was the family name, and Syagrius was a cognomen meaning "wild boar." He was buried in Lyon, France, then Lugdunum, beneath an imposing monument at the city gate, "not quite a full bowshot" from the church, and a statue of him was erected in the city.

Child of Flavius and unknown
75......
Syagria b abt 390


73 Magna Major m Julius Agricola (Praetorian Prefect of Gaul and Consul of Rome, b 365 d 421)

Note: These were my 48 times great grandparents

Children of Julius and Magna
76......Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus b abt 395 Clermont d 456
77......Eparchia dob unknown
78......Padusia b abt 400
Note: Eparchius became Bishop of Averni
79......Magnus dob unknown
80......Papianilla dob unknown
81......Ommatius b abt 395
82......Nymphidius (male) dob unknown



GENERATION 15

83 Ferreolus of Gaul m 75 Syagria of Gaul

Child of Ferreolus and Sygria
84......Tonantius b abt 420 d after 474


76 Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus (Western Roman Emperor) m unknown

Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus (c. 395 - 456, Western Roman Emperor (455 - 456). Made Magister militum (or Master of Soldiers) by the emperor Petronius Maximus, Avitus was sent on a diplomatic mission to his old student, Theodoric II king of the Visigoths, and was at Theodoric's court in Toulouse when Gaiseric invaded Rome, bringing Petronius Maximus's rule to a sudden end. Theodoric seized the opportunity and urged Avitus to assume the imperial throne, and with the acclamation of a gathering of Gallo-Roman senators, allowed himself to be persuaded. On July 9, 455, he was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers, and reached Rome that September.

The Italian populace never fully accepted his rule, so when his campaign against the Vandals failed in 456, and they pressed their blockade against Rome, his position became tenuous. Famine in Rome forced him to disband his Gothic bodyguard. But they needed to be paid, and he did not improve his standing with the Roman citizenry when he melted down a number of bronze statues to pay their outstanding wages. Ricimer and Majorian exploited this discontent by starting a general revolt.

Avitus fled to safety in Arles. A plea for help to Theodoric went unanswered, as the Gothic king was away in Spain campaigning against the Suevians. Avitus raised the best force he could and returned to Italy. He was defeated near Placentia, modern day Piacenza, and captured. His life was spared, and was allowed to become bishop of Placentia on October 17 or 18, 456; however, he still feared for his life and attempted to escape to safety in Gaul. He died on the way, by some accounts murdered.



Coin of Avitus Eparchius


Children of Avitus and unknown
85......Agricola b 440
86......Eodicus Avitus dob unknown
87......Isychius dob unknown
Note: Isychius became Bishop of Vienne, Gaul
88......Eulalia b abt 425
89......Papianilla dob unknown m Sidonius Appolonarius
90......Padusia dob unknown



GENERATION 16

84 Tonantius FERREOLUS (Prefect of Roman Praeterium in Gaul) m 80 Papianille of Rome

He was was a Roman commander at the Battle of Chalons in 451 in Chalons, France. He ended the siege of Arles by diplomacy with the Visigothic king Thorismodus between 451 and 453. He was a Gallo-Roman senator with two known estates, Prusianum (on the Gardon, near Nimes) and Trevidos (perhaps near Rodez), which were visited by his friend Sidonius Appolinarius, between 461 and 467. He was served at the trial of Arvandus in 469 in Rome, Italy

Child of Tonantius and Papianille
91......Tonantius II b abt 450 Narbonne d 517


88 Eulalia of Rome m Flavius Probus de NARBONNE (b abt 420 d 469)

Children of Flavius and Eulalia
94......Magnus "Vir Clarissimus" de Narbonne dob unknown
95......Gallus Magnus de Narbonne dob unknown
Note: Gallus became Bishop of Treves
96......Industrie de Narbonne b abt 450



GENERATION 17

91 Tonantius II FERREOLUS (Senator in Narbonne) m B46 Industrie de NARBONNE (b abt 450) bef 475

Tonantius was connected with the Aviti through his mother. He was on the estates of his father when Sidonius Appolinarius visited. As Sidonius relates, "at Prusianum, as the other [estate] is called, [the young] Tonantius and his brothers turned out of their beds for us because we could not be always dragging our gear about: they are surely the elect among the nobles of our own age." He was present in 469 in Rome, Italy.

Child of Tonantius and Industrie
97......Ferreolus b abt 475



GENERATION 18

97 Ferreolus de RODEZ m Dode MEROVING bef 535

Note: Dode was the daughter of Chloderic MEROVING

Children of Ferreolus and Dode
98......Ansbertus (Ausbert) b abt 535 Moselle d 611
99......Agilulf b abt 537 Moselle
Note: Agilulf became Bishop of Metz
100....Ferreole de Narbonne dob unknown
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GENERATION 19

98 Senator Ansbertus (Ausbert) de METZ (Prince of the Sicumbrian Franks) m Princess Blithildes de COLOGNE b abt 535 Paris d abt 603 Metz) abt 561

Note: Blithildes was the daughter of King Clotaire MEROVING and Radegonde Thuringian DEINFONDE

Children of Ansbertus and Blithildes
101......Gertrudis dob unknown d 658
102......Munderic dob unknown
Note: Munderic became Bishop of Arisitum and was later canonised
103......Arnoldus b abt 560 d abt 611
Note: Arnoldus became Bishop of Metz
104......Erchenauld b 546 Moselle, Lorraine
105......Warnacher dob unknown
106......Modoald dob unknown
Note: Modoald became Bishop of Treves
107......Tarsicius dob unknown
108......Tarsicia de Rodez dob unknown



GENERATION 20

104 Erchenauld de MOSELLE m unknown

Child of Erchenauld and unknown
109......Ega b abt 570 d 646 Alsace-Lorraine
110......Leutharius b 560



GENERATION 21

109 Ega d'ALSACE (Duke of Alsace) m Gerbega of Franconia

Child of Ega and Gerbega
111......Erchembaldus b abt 590 d 661



GENERATION 22

111 Erchembaldus d'ALSACE (Duke of Alsace) m Leudifindus b abt 590 d 661)

Child of Erchembaldus and Leudifindus
112......Lendisius d'Alsace b 620 Alsace-Lorraine d between 666 and 680



GENERATION 23

112 Lendisius d'ALSACE (Duke of Alsace) m unknown

Child of Lendisius and unknown
113......Adalric (Eticho) b abt 645 d 20 Feb 689



GENERATION 24

113 Adalric (Eticho) d'ALSACE (Duke of Alsace) m Berswinde de METZb (b abt 649 Metz d 744

Children of Adalric and Berswinde
114......Eticho b 673
Note: Eticho became Comte d'Alsace
115......Adalbert b 675 Alsace d 720
116......Ottilia b 677
117......Rosvvinda b 679
118......Hugo b 681



GENERATION 25

115 Adalbert I d'ALSACE (Duke of Alsace) m (a) Gerlinda ECTONIDES
(b 679 d 720) (b) Ingina d'ALSACE

Children of Adalbert and Gerlinda
119......Eugenia b 699
120......Theitbaldus dob unknown
121.....Attala b 701
122......Gudlindis b 703
123......Maso b 705

Children of Adalbert and Ingina
124......Luitfrid b 707 d 767
125......Eberhard b 697
Note: Eberhard became the count of the Sundgau



GENERATION 26

124 Luitfrid I d'ALSACE m Edith (b 719 Alsace-Lorraine d 799)

Children of Luitfrid I and Edith
126......Luitfrid II b abt 740 d 780
127......Theitbaldus b abt 743 Alsace



GENERATION 27

126 Luitfrid II d'ALSACE m Hiltrude (b 744 upper Alsace d 830) 764

Children of Luitfrid II and Hiltrude
128......Hugues b 765 d 837
129......Luithard d abt 830



GENERATION 29

128 Hugues le Mefiant d'ALSACE (Count of Upper Alsace and Tours) m Bava de TOURS (b abt 779 d 860) 792

Hugh had many possessions in Alsace, as well as the County of Sens. He also held the convent of St-Julien-d'Auxerre. He appeared in 811 as an envoy or ambasciator to Constantinople with Haido, Bishop of Basel, and Aio, Duke of Friuli, to renew the Pax Nicephori. In 821, he allied himself by marriage to the royal family; his daughter Ermengard married Louis' son Lothair. In 824, he took part in an expedition in Brittany and, in 826, he accompanied the Empress Judith to the baptism of Harald Klak in Ingelheim. His other daughter, Adelaide, married Conrad I, Count of Auxerre (died 862) She is sometimes said to have taken as her second husband Robert the Strong. She was dead by 886, when Walahfrid Strabo included her epitaph in a poem of his.

In 827, Hugh, along with Matfrid of Orleans, was commissioned by Louis to recruit an army with his son Pepin I of Aquitaine and repel the invasion of the Marca Hispanica by the Moslem general Abu Marwan. Hugh and Matfrid delayed until the threat had passed. For this he was given the nickname Timidus or the Timid. Barcelona being the greatest military accomplishment of Louis' career, the Spanish March meant much to him and Hugh and Matfrid found themselves greatly disfavoured at court. They were deposed in February of the next year.

He remained very influential as the father-in-law of Lothair. He joined Matfrid in inciting Lothair to rebellion and had all his lands confiscated in Gaul. He remained highly influential in Italy, where Lothair created him "duke of Locate" (dux de Locate).

Child of Hugues and Bava
130......Etienne b 830 Bourges
131......Luitfride III b 797 Alsace d 865 Tours
132......Hugues b 798 Tours d aft 853 Bourges
133......Bertha b abt 800 Tours
134......Ermengarde b abt 800 d 20 Mar 850 Strasbourg m Lothaire CAROLING

135......Adelaide dob unknown m Conrad count of Auxerre


01 Pepin m Bertha

Pepin was the son of Charlemagne

Children of Pepin and Bertha
02......
Tetrada b 797 Nantes
03......Adelaide b 799 Nantes
04......Atala b 802 Nantes
05......Gundrada b 805 Nantes
06......Bertha b 809 Nantes


07 Lambert I of Nantes b 765 d 836 Nantes m Itta (b 770)

Note: Lambert I was the son of Gui
Lambert I was the Count of Nantes and Prefect of the Breton March between 818 to 831 and Duke of Spoleto between 834 and 836. Lambert participated in an expedition undertaken by Louis the Pious in 818 against the Bretons, who had proclaimed Morvan Lez-Breizh their king. In 822, a new Breton chief Wiomarc'h rebelled, but submitted in May 825 at Aachen. On his return to Brittany, Lambert had him assassinated.
In 831, Lambert joined the rebellion of Lothair I against Louis and was exiled across the Alps, where he was given the Duchy of Spoleto in 834. He was one of many among Lothair's entourage to die in an epidemic of 836.

Child of Lambert and Itta
08......
Lambert II de Nantes b 783 Nantes d 1 May 852 Craon, Mayenne, Maine



GENERATION 30

130 Etienne (Stephen) de BOURGES m unknown

Child of Etenne and unknown
136......Hugues b 862 d 892


131 Cte Luitfried III ECTONIDES with unknown

Child of Luitfried and unknown
137......Ermentrude b abt 825 Alsace
138......Gonthier b abt 826 Cologne
139......Waldrade b 836 Cologne m Lothaire II CAROLING 861
140......Richardis b abt 837 Cologne d 894 m Charles III CAROLING Holy Roman Emperor


02 Tetrada de NANTES m 08 Lambert II de NANTES

Lambert II (died 852) was the Count of Nantes and Prefect of the Breton March between 843 and 851. Lambert ruled the county in opposition to Amaury, the puppet count installed by Charles the Bald, King of West Francia. At his death, the county was effectively in Breton control.

Children of Lambert and Tetrada
09......Lambert b 835 Nantes d 862
010....Lisois Vetulus b 837 Nantes
011....Warner b 839 Nantes


012 Lothaire I of Burgundy b 795 d 855 m Ermengarde (b 797 d 850) of Orleans 15 Oct 821 Orleans

Note: Lothaire was Holy Roman Emperor

Children of Lothaire and Ermentrude
013......Ermengarde b 832 m Giselbert of Belgium
014......
Rotrude b 833 Alsace-Lorraine d 0882
015......Lothaire b 835 d 869 Plaisance, Italy



GENERATION 31

136 Hugues de BOURGES (Count of Bourges) m Rohaut CAROLING b 870 Metz d 928

Child of Hugues and Rohaut
141......Richilde b 892
142......Geoffrey dob unknown


137 Ermentrude Ectonides m Cte Konrad II WELF (Margrave of Burgundy abt 849

Child of Knnrad and Ermentrude
143......Adelaide d'Auxerre b abt 850 Auxerre


09 Lambert III
of Nantes m 014 Rotrude abt 850

Child of Lambert and Rotrude
016......Wipert b 860



GENERATION 32

141 Richilde de BOURGES m Thibaut "l'Ancien" de TROYES (b 885 Blois d bef 954 Troyes)

Children of Thibaut and Richilde
144......Richard dob unknown
145......Gerlotte b 913 Tillieres
146......Dame dob unknown


143 Adelaide d'Auxerre WELF m Richard von METZ (Duke of Burgundy) (b abt 850) abt 866

Children of Richard and Adelaide
147......Raoul d'Aquitaine b 148......Alberade de Mons b abt 878 Mons
149......Warnier Garnier b abt 885 Bourgogne
150......Ermengarde b 892 Boutgogne
151......Willa de Tuscany b abt 895 Tuscany
152......Alice Alix de Bourgogne b 904 Bourgogne m Cte Regnier II d'Hainault


016 Wipert of Nantes m Adeltrude (b 870)

Child of Wipert and Adeltrude
017......Ermengarde b 900 Nantes



GENERATION 33

153 Rollo Thurstan le BIGOD m 145 Gerlotte de BLOIS (b 913 Tilliers, Normandy)

Rollo was also known as Hrolfr "Turstain" de BRICO and Rollo Turstain HROLLAUGSSON . Gerlotte was the daughter of Thibaut "l'Ancien", Vicomte de TROYES, and Richilde de BOURGES
Rollo and his half brother were the sons of Rogvald, Jarl of Moere, A.D. 885 who took the surname of Turstain, in memory of the supposed descent of his ancestry from Thor the son of Odin., who was the grandson of Ivar, Jarl of Upland, (A.D. 850,) who had married the daughter of the King of Trondheim, whose grandfather, Listen, King of Trondheim, (A.D. 780,) was himself grandson of Sigurd Hring, King of Sweden, living A.D. 735. The latter's father. King Randver, was grandson of Ivar Vidfamer, King of the Danes, who himself was the grandson of Olaf the Sharp-eyed, King of Rerik (who was my 38th Great Grandfather)

Rollo and Gerlotte were my 30x great grandparents

Child of Rollo and Gerlotte
154......Anfred "The Dane" HROLFSSON b 937 Tilliers, Normandy d 978


017 Ermengarde of Nantes m Billung von SACHSEN (b abt 900 Bardenm Germany d 26 Mar 967 Lneberg

Children of Billung and Ermentrude
018......Wichmann d 944 in battle
019......Hermann b abt 920 d 27 Mar 973 Quedlinburg
020......Amelung d 5 May 962



GENERATION 34

154 Ansfred HROLFSSON m Helloe, Comtesse de BEULAC (b abt 942 Tilliers) abt 962

Note: Ansfred was the Vicomte d'HEIMOS and Helloe was the daughter of Count Ginbert de BEULAC

Child of Ansfred and Helloe
155......Ansfred Unfroi Le GOZ b abt 963 Normandy d 1054 Helsmes, Normandy


156 Berenger de NAMUR (Comte de Namur) m Symphorienne de LORRAINE (b 894 Lorraine d 924)

Child of Berenger and Symphorienne
157......
Robert b 947 Namur


019 Hermann von SACHSEN m Hildegardis of Westburg

Note: Hermann was Duke of Saxony

Children of Hermann and Hildegardis
021.....Luitger b abt 950 d Feb 26 1011 Lneburg, Lower Saxony m Emma von LESUM
022......Imma von Billung b abt 952
023......Swanhilde von Sachsen d 28 Nov 1014
024......Bernard Billung b abt 954 d 9 Feb 1011
025......Sygryda (Swietoslava) von Billung m Gilbert de CREPON Note: Sygryda became Queen of Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and was a princess of Poland



GENERATION 35

155 Ansfred Unfroi Le GOZ m Ragnar ferch BJORN 988 Normandy

Children of Ansfred and Ragnar
158......Toustien b abt 989 Avranches
159......Beatrice d'Eu b abt 992 Creully, Calvados, Normandy d bef 1014 m Guilliaume de HIESMES (Comte d'Eu et Exnes)
See the Sauveur branch here
160......Robert b 1007 Essex


157 Robert de NAMUR (Comte de Namur) m Ermengarde de LORRAINE (b 947 Nantes)

Child of Robert and Ermentrude
161......Adelbert b abt 968 Namur


158 Toustien "Le Goz" D'AVRANCHES (Vicomte) m Judith DE MONTANLIER (b 994 Normandy d 4 Mar 1066 Maidstone) about 1012

Children of Toustien and Judith
162......Vicomte Richard "le Goz" D'AVRANCHES 1013 Avranches, Normandy m Emenhilde de CONTEVILLE

"Richard Goz, Vicomte d'Avranches, or more properly of the Avranchin, was one of the sons of the aforesaid Turstain, by his wife Judith de Montanolier, and appears not only to have avoided being implicated in the rebellion of his father, but obtained his pardon and restoration to the Vicomte of the Hiemois, to which at his death he succeeded, and to have strengthened his position at court by securing the hand of Emma de Conteville, one of the daughters of Herluin and Herleve, and half-sister of his sovereign. By this fortunate marriage he naturally recovered the lands forfeited by his father and bestowed on his mother-in-law, and acquired also much property in the Avranchin, of which he obtained the Vicomte, in addition to that of the Hiemois."


163......
Robert (Roger) Le BIGOD b 1015 St Saveur, Normandy d 1071
164......Humphrey b 1017 Euphemia< Normandy
165......Margaret dob unknown
166......Jean dob unknown
167......Richard b 1025 Avranches


161 Adelbert de NAMUR m Ermengarde (Princess of France b 975 Lower Lorraine d 1012) 990

Child of Adelbert and Ermengarde
168......Hedwig b abt 991 Namur
169......Adelbert b abt 993 Namur
170......Luitgarde b abt 995 Namur


024 Billung Bernard von SACHSEN m Duchess Hildegard von STADE (b 978 d 3 Oct 1011 St Michael, Luneburg)

Children of Bernard and Hildegard
026......Bernhard b abt 994 Namur d 29 Jun 1059 Lneburg
027......Godesti b 997 d 1040 Herford
028......Matilde b 999 d 1014
029......Imma b 1001
030......Thietmar 1003 d 3 Oct 1048 Harz
031......Othlendis b abt 1006



GENERATION 37

See the Sauveur branch here

163 Robert (Roger) Le BIGOD m Matilda de St SAUVEUR abt 1065

Note: Matila de St. SAUVEUR, was the daughter of Vicomte Niel De St SAUVEUR and Godhilda BORE
.

Robert gained the favour of William, Duke of Normandy, by informing him of the intended treachery of William WERLENC, Count of Mortain. Robert held the lands of Malitot, Loges and Chanon in Normandy and served Duke William as one of his seneschals. He is described at the Battle of Hastings as; "Small of body, but brave and bold, he assaulted the English gallantly".

He became Chamberlain to William, Duke of Normandy and later King of England

Bigod's base was in Thetford, Norfolk where he founded a priory later donated to the great monastery at Cluny. In 1101 he further consolidated his power when Henry I granted him licence to build a castle at Framlingham, which became the family seat of power until their downfall in 1307. Another of his castles was Bungay Castle, also in Suffolk

. Both these were improved by successive generations and in 1069 he, along with Robert Malet and Ralph de Gael (the then Earl of Norfolk), defeated Sweyn Estrithson (Sweyn II) of Denmark near Ipswich. After Ralph de Gael's fall in 1074, Roger was appointed High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and acquired many of the dispossessed earl's estates. For this reason he is sometimes counted as Earl of Norfolk, but he probably was never actually created earl. He acquired further estates through his influence in local law courts. In the Rebellion of 1088 he joined other Anglo-Norman barons against William II, who, it was hoped, was to be deposed in favour of Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy. He seems to have lost his lands after the rebellion had failed, but got them back again.

In 1100, Robert Bigod (Bigot) was one of the King's witnesses recorded on the Charter of Liberties, an important precursor to the Magna Carta of 1215.

In 1101 there was another attempt to bring in Robert of Normandy by unseating Henry I, but this time Roger Bigod stayed loyal to Henry.

He died on 9 September 1107 and is buried in Norwich. Upon his death there was a dispute between the Bishop of Norwich, Herbet Losinga, and the monks at Thetford Priory, founded by Bigod. The monks claimed that Roger's body, along with those of his family and successors, was due to them as part of the foundation charter of the priory (as was common practice at the time). The issue was apparently resolved when the Bishop of Norwich stole the body in the middle of the night and dragged it back to Norwich!

Children of Robert and M
171......Roger b abt 1060 St Sauveur d 8 Sep 1107 Earsham, Suffolk bur Thetford Abbey 1107
172......William b abt 1070 Norfolk (stepson)




Coat of arms for d'Aubigny

173 Guillaume D'AUBIGNY (aka ALBINI) (b abt 1010 St Martin D'Aubigny, Normandy d abt 1066 m Adelica Belvoir DE PLESSIS (b 1014 St Martin D'Aubigny) abt 1033

NOTE: Adelice was the daughter of Grimolt (Grimould) DE PLESSIS
See the Sauveur
here

Children of Guillaume and Adelice
174......William b abt 1035
175......Roger b 1045 St Sauver, Manche, Normandy d 8 Sep 1107
See the Mohaut branch here
176......Oliva dob unknown m Ralph de la HAYE
177....Aimee b 1050 St Martin D'Aubigny
178....Nigel (Nele) b abt 1055 St Martin D'Aubigny d bef 1107 Cainhoe Castle, Clophill, Bedfordshire


169 Adelbert II de NAMUR m Regelinde de LORRAINE (b 1004 d 15 Nov 1037)

Child of Adelbert and Regelinde
179......Adelbert III b 1048 Namur d 22 Jun 1102
180......Luitgarde de Namur b 1000 d 1021
181......Henri b 10001 Namur
182......Irmgarde 1040 Namur
183......Hedwige b 1025 Namur


026 BernhardII Billung of Saxony m Eilika von SCHWEINFURT b 1000 d 1055

Bernard expanded the powers of the duke in Saxony and is regarded as the greatest of the Billungers. He was originally a supporter of Emperor Henry II and he accompanied him into Poland and negotiated the treaty of Bautzen of 1018. In 1019-1020, he revolted and gained the recognition of the tribal laws of Saxony, something his father had just failed to do. He returned then to war with the Slavs and drew them into his sphere of power and influence through their leader, Godescalc

He supported Conrad II in 1024 and his son Henry III, though he began to fear the latter for his closeness to the Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen, an inveterate enemy of the dukes of Saxony. Though he was a critical ally of the Danes, so fundamental to Henry's wars in the Netherlands, Bernard was on the brink of rebellion until the death of Adalbert. The remainder of his reign, however, was quiet.

In 1045, he erected the Alsterburg in Hamburg.

Children of Bernhard and Eilika
032......Ordulf b abt 1020 d 28 Mar 1072 Saxony
033......Hermann b 1030 d 31 May 1086
034......Ida b 1031 d 31 Jul 1102 Namur
035......Gertrude b 1033 Schweinfurt d 4 Aug 1114 Veurne
036......Hadwig d 1100



GENERATION 38

171 Roger Le BIGOD m Adeliza De TOENI (b abt 1064 St Sauveur d 1135 aged 71 Belvoir Castle) abt 1084 Leicestershire

See the Adeliza's ancestors here
Note: Adeliza was the daughter of Robert de TOENI, Lord of Belvoir and Avice de CLARE and granddaughter to Roger de TOENI and Godehut de BARCELONA .

Roger Bigod, Sherriff of Suffolk and Norfolk, possessed 6 lordships in Essex and 117 in Suffolk, besides several manors in Norfolk, for all which he gave the King the sum of 1000 marks. Roger, adhering to the party that took up arms against William Rufus in the 1st year of that monarch's reign, fortified the castle at Norwich and laid waste the country around. At the accession of Henry I, being a witness of the king's laws and staunch in his interests, he obtained Framlingham in Suffolk as a gift from the crown. He founded in 1103, the abbey of Thetford, in Norfolk, and that he was buried there at his decease in four years after.

Children of Roger and Adeliza
184......Cecily b 1090 Belvoir Castle m Peter GARNEYS
185......
Maud b 1088 Belvoir Castle d bef 1136
186......Hugh b 1095 Belvoir Castle bur 6 Mar 1175 Thetford Abbey
187......Gunnor b abt 1096 Norfolk d aft 1121
188......Mary b 1087 Norfolk
189......Gunnora b 1096 Norfolk m Robert de ESSEX (Lord of Raleigh)
190......Jane b 1105 Belvoir Castle m Robert FITZEUSTACE (Lord of Clavering and Holton)
191......William b abt 1106 South Petherton, Somerset drowned in the wreck of the White Ship on 26 Nov 1120.


B1......Henri de Brabant b 1021 Brabant d 1077 Cloister, St Gertrude, Nivelles, France m Adele

Child of Henri and Adele
B2......
Godfrey b 1074 Brabant d 25 Jan 1139 Jerusalem


174 William d'AUBIGNY (Seigneur of St. Martin-Aubigny) m unknown

Child of William and unknown
192......Nigel b abt 1070 Cainhoe, Bedfordshire d bef 1107


175 Roger D'AUBIGNY (aka ALBINI) m Avicia (Amice) De MOWBRAY or de GRENTESMIL (b 1044 Montbrai, Normandy d 1100 St Sauveur)

Children of Roger and Avicia
193......William Pincerna b 1064 St Sauveur d 1139 Buckenham, Norfolk bur Wymondham Priory
194......Nigel Scutifer b 1082 d Nov 1129 bur Abbey of Bec, Normandy
195......Neil dob unknown


179 Adelbert (Albert) III de NAMUR m 034 Ida BILLUNG (of Saxony b 1046 d 31 Jul 1102

Children of Adelbert III and Ida
196......Godefry b 1073 Namur d 19 Aug 1139
197......Clementia b 1078 Namur d aft 1117
198......Henry b 1070 Namur d bef Jun 1138
Note: Henry became Seigneur de la Roche
199......Adelbert IV dob umknown
200......Adelaide b 1068 Namur d 1124
201......Ida dob umknown



GENERATION 39

15 William Pincerna d'AUBIGNY (aka ALBINI) m 185 Maud le BIGOD 1099 Norfolk

William Pincerna, accompanied the Conqueror into England and acquired extensive territorial possessions by royal grants in Norfolk and other counties. Of these grants was the lordship of Bokenham, to be holden by the service of being Butler to the Kings of England on the day of their coronation, and in consequence we find this William styled in divers charters "Pincerna Henrici Regis Anglorum." William de Albini founded the abbey of Wymondham in Norfolk and gave to the monks of Rochester the tithes of the manor of Elham, as also one carucate of land in Achestede, with a wood called Acholte. He likewise bestowed upon the abbey of St. Etienne at Caen, in Normandy, all his lands lying in Stavell, which grant he made in the presence of King Henry and his barons. When he married Maud, obtained ten knights' fees in Norfolk

At the request of Maud, William de Albini gave to the monks of Wymondham the manor of Hapesburg, in pure alms, and made livery thereof to the said monks by a cross of silver, in which was placed certain venerable reliques, viz., "part of the wood of the cross whereon our Lord was crucified; part of the manger wherein he was laid at his birth; and part of the sepulchre of the Blessed Virgin; as also a gold ring, and a silver chalice for retaining the Holy Eucharist, admirably wrought in form of a sphere; unto which pious donation his three sons were witnesses, with several other persons.

Children of William and Maud
202......William "Strong Hand" b 1103 St Sauveur Normandy d 12 Oct 1176 Waverley Abbey, Surrey bur 19 Oct 1176 Wymondham Priory
203......Olivia b 1106 Buckenham
204......Alice b 1120 Castle Arundel Sussex
205......Neil dob unknown
206......Oliver dob unknown
207......Roland dob unknown
208......Richard dob unknown
209......Ralph dob unknown


194 Nigel d'AUBIGNY (aka ALBINI) m (a) Matilda d' AQUILA (div on grounds of consanguity) (b) Gundrd de GOURNAY 1118

Nigel was closely associated with Henry I, who made over to him following his victory of Tinchebrai 1106 the possessions in England of Robert de Stuteville, a follower of Henry's defeated elder brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
Nigel's grants were in Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Warwickshire and Leicestershire. He was bow-bearer to the king in the reign of William II (Rufus) and was knighted by Henry I, who gave him the manor of Egmanton with parks in Sherwood Forest, but Nigel passed these on to Robert Davil. For his valour and military skill, Henry I granted him tenancy of Camvile and Wyvile. This caused Nigel to support to Henry I against his brother Robert Curthose - in the battle of Tinchebrai, Nigel slew the horse of Curthose and brought him to the king. For this, Henry I gave him the lands of Robert, Baron of Frontebeof - Stutevile in England which Robert had fortified for Curthose. Later, Henry I was besieging a castle in Normandy - Sir Nigel captured it for him and was remunerated by a royal grant of the forfeited lands of his maternal uncle Robert de Montbray, Earl of Northumberland - lands both in England and Normandy, including the castle of Bayeaux. As a result Nigel held 120 knight's fees each in Normandy and England, making him one of the most powerful persons of his time.

Sir Nigel de Albini m. 1st, Maud, dau. of Richard de Aquila, by permission of Pope Paschall, her husband, Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland being then alive and in prison for rebellion against William Rufus; from this lady he was, however, divorced, on account of consanguinity (Robert, it has been suggested, may have been 1st cousin to Nigel through the latter's mother, sister of Roger de Mowbray, father of Robert), and by her he had no issue. He m.2ndly, in 1118, Gundred, dau. of Gerald de Gourney, by the special advice of King Henry I, and had two son, Roger, his successor, and Henry, who had the lordship and barony of Camho, and was ancestor of the Albinis, feudal lords of that place. This great feudal baron d. at an advanced age and was buried with his ancestor in the abbey of Bec, in Normandy.

Children of Nigel and Gundred
210......Roger de MOWBRAY dob unknown
211......Henry dob unknown


192 Nigel d'AUBIGNY m Amice De FERRIERS (b 1063 Ferriers-St-Hilaire, Normandy
Note: Amice was the daughter of Henry de FERRIERS and Bertha

Child of Nigel and Amice
212......Henry b abt 1105 Cainhoe, Bedfordshire d bef 1162


186 Hugh Le BIGOD m (a) Julianne De VERE 1149 (b) Gudred de WARENNE (d bef 1175) (c) Gundred de BEAUMONT (aka Gundred de NEWBURGH) after 1175

Hugh was Third Earl of Norfolk and steward of the household of King Henry I. He being mainly instrumental in raising Stephen, Earl of Bologne, to the throne upon the decease of his royal master, was rewarded by this new king with the Earldom of the East Angles, commonly called Norfolk, and by that designation we find him styled in 1140. Hugh remained faithful in his allegiance to King Stephen through the difficulties which afterwards beset that monarch, and gallantly defended the castle of Ipswich against the Empress Maud and her son until he had to surrender for want of timely relief. In the 12th Henry II, this powerful noble certified his knight's fee to be one hundred and twenty-five "de vetri feoffamento," and thirty-five "de novo," upon the occasion of the assessment in aid of the marriage of the king's daughter; and he appears to have acquired at this period a considerable degree of royal favour, for we find him not only re-created Earl of Norfolk, by charter, dated at Northampton, but by the same instrument obtaining a grant of the office of steward, to hold in as ample a manner as his father had done in the time of Henry I. Notwithstanding, however, these and other equally substantial marks of the kings liberality, the Earl of Norfolk sided with Robert, Earl of Leicester, in the insurrection incited by that nobleman in favor of the king's son (whom Henry himself had crowned,) in the 19th year of the monarch's reign; but his treason upon this occasion cost him the surrender of his strongest castles, and a find of 1,000 marks. After which he went into the Holy Land with the Earl of Flanders, and died in 1177.
Juliana de Vere, a daughter of Aubrey de Vere, Justicar of England and Alice de Clare, a nun who was a daughter of Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare. Juliana de Vere's nephew was Magna Charta Surety Robert de Vere (circa 1165 - 1221)
The Bigods held the hereditary office of steward (dapifer) of the royal household, and their chief castle was at Framlingham in Suffolk.

Children of Hugh and Julianne
213......Hugh le Bigod dob unknown, 4th Earl of Norfolk bur 11 Feb 1225
214......Isabel le Bigod dob unknown
215......Roger le Bigod b abt 1150 Norfolk bap at Framlingham, bur 2 Aug 1221 Thetford

Children of Hugh and Gundred
216......William le Bigod dob unknown


217 Godfrey "A la Barbe" De LORRAINE-INFERIEUR (Count of Louvain and Duke of Brabant, b 1074 Brabant d 25 Jan 1139 Jerusalem) m (a) N9 Countess Clementia de NAMUR (Duchess of Lower Lorraine, b 1078 d between 1117 and 1122) 1099 Namur Belgium (b) Clementia de BOURGOGNE

(b abt 1078 d 1131)

Children of Godfrey and Clementia
218......Adeliza (Princess) b 1103 Brabant d 23 Apr 1151 Brabant (as a nun)
219......Godfrey (Duke of Brabant) b 1105 Brabant d 1143 m Luitgarde VON SULZBACH 1139
220......Ida (Princess) b 1107 Lorraine m Arnold I VON CLEVE (Count of Cleves) abt 1130
221......Joscelin "Barbatus" b abt 1129 Louvain bur 29 Sep 1180 Egmanton, Notts m Agnes de PERCY 1154 Egnanton
222......Clarissa dob unknown d 1140
223......Henry dob unknown d 1141 Abbey of Affligem



GENERATION 40

202 William D'AUBIGNY m (a) 33 Princess Adeliza de LOUVAIN 1138 London (b) Maud FITZROBERT (b bef 1134 Little Dunmow) abt 1148

Note: Adeliza had previously been married to Henry "Beauclerc" King of England and had one child, Alice b abt 1099 who married Richard DE MONTACUTE.

William D'Aubigny was created Earl of Lincoln in 1139. William came into the former Queen's dowry of Arundel Castle, together with its Honour (feudal administrative unit embodying several knight's fees), and was thereby become Earl of Arundel. By 1142 he had been deprived of his Earldom of Lincoln, indeed even before, was spoken sometimes as Earl of Arundel and sometimes as Earl of Chichester or Earl of Sussex.

in 1141 he attested a charter of Stephen as Earl of Sussex, (being from time to time thereafter so described, as, e.g. where he witnesses a charter to the Abbey of Barking under that name) and may be assumed to have been so created by Stephen in 1141, after that King had regained his freedom. Early in 1142, the Earldom of Lincoln had already passed to another - viz. William de Roumare. In his own later charters he is styled, and in a charter, before 1150, of the Queen Dowager to the Abbey of Reading, she styles him Earl of Chichester. He was influential in arranging the treaty of 1153, whereby the Crown continued with King Stephen for life, though the inheritance thereof was secured to Henry II. To this instrument he subscribed as "Comes Cicestrie."

Henry II, by a grant undated, but supposed to have been in 1155 (the year after his accession), confirms to him as "William, Earl of Arundel, the Castle of Arundel, with the whole honour of Arundel and all its appurtenances," and, by the same instrument, bestows on him the third penny of the pleas of the county of Sussex under Comes est. No doubt, however, he was more generally known as "Earl of Arundel," and as such (only) he is spoken of by his son and heir (who styles himself Earl of Sussex) in a charter to the Priory of Wymondham; and as Earl of Arundel (only) he is described in the record of his death in the Annals of Waverley. He was justly held in great esteem by Henry II, and was one of the embassy to Rome in 1163/4, and to Saxony (on the espousal of the Princess to the Duke of Saxony) in 1168. He was also in command of the Royal army in August 1173, in Normandy, against the King's rebellious sons, where he distinguished himself for his "swiftness and velocity," and, on 29 September following he assisted at the defeat, near Bury St. Edmunds, of the Earl of Leicester, who, with his Flemings, had invaded Suffolk.

Dugdale records as follows:

"It happened that the Queen of France, being then a widow, and a very beautify woman, became much in love with a knight of that country, who was a comely person, and in the flower of his youth: and because she thought that no man excelled him in valour, she caused a tournament to be proclaimed throughout her dominions, promising to reward those who should exercise themselves therein, according to their respective demerits; and concluding that if the person whom she so well affected could act his part better than the others in those military exercises, she might marry him without any dishonour to herself. Hereupon divers gallant men, from forrain parts hastening to Paris, amongst others came this our William de Albini, bravely accoutered, and in the tournament excelled all others, overcoming many, and wounding one mortally with his lance, which being observed by the queen, she became exceedingly enamoured of him, and forthwith invited him to a costly banquet, and afterwards bestowing certain jewels upon him, offered him marriage; but, having plighted his troth to the Queen of England, then a widow, he refused her, whereat she grew so much discontented that she consulted with her maids how she might take away his life; and in pursuance of that design, inticed him into a garden, where there was a secret cave, and in it a fierce lion, unto which she descended by divers steps, under colour of shewing him the beast; and when she told him of its fierceness, he answered, that it was a womanish and not a manly quality to be afraid thereof. But having him there, by the advantage of a folding door, thrust him in to the lion; being therefore in this danger, he rolled his mantle about his arm and, putting his hand into the mouth of the beast, pulled out his tongue by the root; which done, he followed the queen to her palace and gave it to one of her maids to present her. Returning thereupon to England, with the fame of this glorious exploit, he was forthwith advanced to the Earldom of Arundel, and for his arms the lion given him."

Children of William and Adeliza
224......Geoffrey d'Aubigny dob unknown
225......Maud d'Aubigni b 1134 Arundel m William GRAHAM (Laird of Montrose, b 1127 Duduff, d aft 1200 Montrose Castle)
226......Henry dob unknown
227......
William d'Aubigni b 1139 Arundel d 24 Dec 1173 Buckenham bur Wymondham Abbey
228......Cecily d'Aubigni b 1140 Arundel m Sir Jordan De LENVEISE
229......Simon d'Aubigni b 1144 Arundel d 1206
230......Alice d'Aubigni b 1145 Arundel m John D'EU (Earl of Ewe)
231......Olivia d'Aubigni b 1146 Arundel
232......Agatha d'Aubigni b 1147 Arundel


214 Roger le BIGOD m (a) Ida de TOENI (b 1154) Dec 1181 (b) Isabel de WARENNE

Ida was the daughter of the Seigneur de Conches Roger III de TOSNY and Gertrud de HAINAUT and Hamelin de WARENNE, 5th Earl of Surrey and Isabelle de VARENNES.

Roger was the fourth earl of Norfolk, who, in the 1st year of Richard I, had a charter dated at Westminster, 27 November, reconstituting him Earl of Norfolk and steward of the household, his lordship obtaining at the same time restitution of some manors, with grants of others, and confirmation of all his wide-spreading demesnes. In the same year he was made one of the ambassadors from the English monarch to Philip of France, for obtaining aid towards the recovery of the Holy Land. Upon return of King Richard from his captivity, the Earl of Norfolk assisted at the great council held by the king at Nottingham; and at his second coronation, his lordship was one of the four earls that carried the silken canopy over the monarch's head. In the reign of King John he was one of the barons that extorted the great Charters of Freedom from that prince, and was amongst the twenty-five lords appointed to enforce their fulfillment.



Roger built Framlingham Castle circa 1190 - 1210. This revolutionary new castle without a keep reflected crusader experience; and is reminiscent of Byzantine fortresses. Its vast curtain-wall laced with strong towers enabled a large force including cavalry to be kept in the area of maximum defensibility.

He made a gift to Dodnash Priory of a tenement and land at East Bergholt, a holding perhaps of Countess Ida's, whose possible mother Ida of Hainault received it from King Henry I, between 1189 and 1221
He was was a Surety Baron for the Magna Carta, at Runnymede on 15 June 1215.

Children of Roger and Ida
233......Hugh Bigod b 1186 Thetford d 18 Feb 12225 bur at Thetford
234......William Bigod b 1188 Thetford
235......Thomas Bigod b 1190 Thetford
236......Alice (Adeliza) Bigod b 1192 Thetford m Aubrey de VERE 2nd earl of Oxford
237......Margaret Bigod b 1194 Thetford d 31 Mar 1237 m Royal Steward William de HASTINGS
238......Mary Bigod b 1196 Thetford m Ranulf FITZROBERT
239......Roger Bigod b 1198 Thetford
240.......Ralph Bigod b 1202 Thetford


C2 Henry d'AUBIGNY m Cecilia de CHAWORTH abt 1128

Child of Henry and Cecilia
241......Robert d'Aubigny b 1145 Cainhoe



GENERATION 41


212 Hugh le BIGOD (3rd Earl of Norfolk)m Matilda MARSHALL (b 1192 Pembroke d 27 Mar 1248) 1207 Pembroke

Note: Matilda (Maud) was the daughter of William MARSHALL and after Hugh's death she married William de WARRENNE 5th Earl of Surrey

Children of Hugh and Matilda
242......Isabel Bigod b 1212 Thetford d 1269 Trim, Co Meath, Leinster m (a) Gilbert de LACY (Lord of Meath) (b) John FITZGEOFFREY (Lord of Shere)
243......Roger Bigod b 1212 Framlingham bur 3 Jun 1270 m Aliva BASSET
Note: Roger was the 5th Earl of Norfolk. Aliva was the daughter of Philip BASSET
244......John Bigod b 1214 Thetford d 1236
245......Hugh Bigod b 1215 Thetford d 7 May 1266
Note: Hugh became Justiciar of England
246......Ralph Bigod b 1216 Thetford d 28 Jul 1260 Yorkshire
247......William Bigod b 1218 Thetford
248......Simon Bigod b 1218 Thetford d 1242 Erpingham
249......Isabel Bigod b 1222 Thetford d 1239 Weobley, Herefordshire


227 William D'AUBIGNY m Maud (Matilda) De St HILARY (b 1132 Field Dalling, Walsingham d 24 Dec 1193 Buckenham bur Priory of Gt Carbrooke, Norfolk) 1173

Note: Maud was the widow of Roger "The Good" DE CLARE with whom she had had 9 children already

William was confirmed as Earl of Sussex, but the Castle and Honour of Arundel having, in accordance with the policy of Henry II, been retained by the Crown, on the death of the last holder he did not obtain restoration of them till Richard I restored them to him 27 June 1190, when (according to the admission of I433] he became 2nd Earl of Arundel. He was, however, styled Earl of Arundel before he received possession of the Castle and Honour, namely, on 18 September 1189, and on 26 November of the same year he witnessed King Richard's Charter as "Will. Earl of Arundel." He received also at the same time, the third penny of the pleas of Sussex in the precise words of the grant made to his father. In 1191 he was made Custos of Windsor Castle, and in 1194 one of the Receivers of the money raised for the King's ransom.

Children of William and Maud
250......William d'Aubigny b 1173 Arundel d 1 Feb 1220 Cainell Near Rome bur Wymondham Abbey
251......Avice d'Aubigny b 1176 Axholme, Lincs m William de AXHOLME
252......Maud d'Aubigny b 1178 Arundel d 6 Feb 1215 Chapter House, Lewes Priory
253......Mabel d'Aubigny dob unknpwn d 1243
254......Cicely d'Aubigny b abt 1188 d 18 Jun 1260
255......Nicola b 1206 Arundel d 1240 Dudley Castle m Roger II de SOMERY 1225 Barrow upon Soar


241 Robert d'AUBIGNY m unknown

Child of Robert and unknown
256......Robert d'Aubigny b abt 1177 Cainhoe m Joan 1209



GENERATION 42

250 William D'AUBIGNY (aka ALBINI) m Mabel Le MESCHINES (of Chester, b 1173 Monmouth d 6 Jan 1232) after 1207

Note Mabel was the widow of the First Earl of Huntingdon with whom she had had 4 children, and daughter of Hugh of Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester and Bertrada de Montfort

Williamwas a favourite of King John, whose concession of the Kingdom to the Pope, 15 May 1213, he witnessed, and whom he accompanied to Runnymede, 15 June 1215. When, however, King John abandoned Winchester, 14 June 1216, to Louis (afterwards Louis VIII) of France, he joined that Prince, but (consistently taking the winning side) returned to his allegiance 14 July 1217, after the Royalist victory at Lincoln. Shortly afterwards he acted as Justiciar, the young King, Henry III, having restored to him his forfeited possessions. William was a Magna Carta Suritie, 3rd Lord of Arundel, Earl of Sussex and Lord of Belvoir, Bottesford, Uffington and Woolsthorpe. Mabel was Countess of Huntingdon and Chester

Children of William and Mabel
257......Matilda d'Aubigny dob unknown m William PLANTAGENET (Earl of Warren and Surrey).
258......Maud d'Aubigny b 1196 Arundel d between 1238 and 1242 m Sir Robert De TATESHALL 1222
259......Isabella d'Aubigny b 1198 Arundel d 1243 m John FITZALAN (Lord of Clune and Oswestry)
260......William d'Aubigny b 1203 Belvoir bur 12 Aug 1224 Wymondham Priory
Note: William was the 4th Earl of Arundel
261......Nichole d'Aubigny b 1205 Barrow upon Soar d 1240 Dudley Castle m Roger De SOMERY Lord of Dudley and Dinas Powys) 1230
262......Cecily d'Aubigny b 1210 Arundel bur 23 Jul Castle Rising m Roger de MOHAUT (Lord of Hawarden)
See the MOHAUT branch here
Note: In 1221 she obtained as her quarter of her father's inheritance the manor of Kenninghall, and Castle Rising, Norfolk
263......Hugh d'Aubigny b 1214 Arundel d 7 May 1243 m Isabel de WARENNE (no issue)
Note: Hugh was the 5th Earl of Arundel


256 Robert d'AUBIGNY m unknown

264......Asceline d'Aubigny b 1218 Cainhoe



GENERATION 43

264 Asceline d'AUBIGNY m Ralph de St ARMAND Jun 1234

Note: Ralph was the son of Amauri de St ARMAND and Isuelt PANTULF

Children of Ralph and Asceline
265......Amauri de St Armand (male) b 1236 Bloxham d bef 13 Nov 1285
266......Haywise de St Armand b 1258 d bef 1287



GENERATION 44

266 Haywise de St ARMAND m Sir Simon de MONTAGU abt 1270

Child of Simon and Haywise
267......William de Montague b abt 1272 d 8 Oct 1319 Gascony, France



GENERATION 45

267 Sir William de MONTAGU m Elizabeth de MONTFORD abt 1295

Note: Elizabeth was the daughter of Sir Piers de MONTFORT and Maud de la MARE.

Children of William and Elizabeth
268......William de Montague b abt 1302 d 30 Jun 1343
269......Alice de Montague b abt 1305 m Sir Ralph DAUBENY abt 1332



GENERATION 46

268 Sir William de MONTAGU m Katherine de GRANDISON 1327

Note: Katherine was the daughter of Sir William de GRANDISON and Sibyl de TREGOZ

Children of William and Katherine
270......Philippa de Montague b 1332 Salisbury m Sir Roger de MORTIMER abt 1345
271......Sybil de Montague b abt 1334 Salisbury m Edmund FITZALAN bef Jul 1349
Note: Edmund was the son of Sir Richard FITZALAN, Earl of Arundel, and Isabel le DESPENSER
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