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ROMAN BRANCH


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ROMAN CAESARS
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Last revision 25 Oct 2012

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Click on the surname you wish to see:

Agrippa...Balba...Caesar...Claudianus...Creticus...Curvus...Drusus
Flaccus...Germanicus...Libo...Nero...Paterculis...Pendragon...Sulpicius



GENERATION 1

1 Lucius Fulvius I of Rome dob unknown d abt 340BC and unknown

Note: Lucius was my 76 times Great grandparent

Child of Lucius and unknown
2......
Lucius Fulvius II dob unknown d abt 320BC



GENERATION 2

2 Lucius Fulvius II and unknown

Child of Lucius Fulvius II and unknown
3......Lucius Fulvius dob unknown



GENERATION 3

3 Lucius Fulvius CURVUS and unknown

Note Lucius was a Consul of Rome in 322BC

Child of Lucius and unknown
4......Marcus dob unknown



GENERATION 4

4 Marcus CURVUS dob unknown and unknown

Note: Marcus was Consul suffecti of Rome in 305BC

Child of Marcus and unknown
5......Cassus dob unknown


6 Quintus SULPICIUS I (dob unknown) and unknown

Child of Quintus and unknown
7......
Quintus II dob unknown



GENERATION 5

5 Cassus CURVUS (Aediles in 296BC) and unknown

Child of Cassus and unknown
8......Marcus Flaccus dob unknown


7 Quintus SULPICIUS II and unknown

Child of Quintus and unknown
9......
Servilius Paterculus dob unknown



GENERATION 6

8 Marcus FLACCUS (Consul of Rome 264BC) and unknown

Child of Marcus and unknown
10....Quintus dob unknown


9 Servilius PATERCULUS and unknown

Child of Servilius and unknown
11......Sulpicia dob unknown



GENERATION 7

10 Quintus FLACCUS (Consul of Rome 238 to 209BC) m 11 Sulpicia of Rome

Child of Quintus and Sulpicius
12......Marcus Flaccus I dob unknown



GENERATION 8

12 Marcus FLACCUS I Tribune of Rome 180BC and unknown

Child of Marcus and unknown
13......Marcus II dob unknown d 121BC



GENERATION 9

13 Marcus FLACCUS II Consul of Rome 125BC and unknown

Marcus was a Roman senator and an ally of the Gracchi. He became an administrator of the agrarian reform in 130 BC, and as a solution to the problem of land division among the allied cities, proposed Roman citizenship for the allies' citizens, thus introducing a question that vexed Roman politics for many years. Elected consul in 125 BC, he was ordered by the Roman Senate to assist Massilia (modern Marseille) against depredations of the Salluvii. He became the first to overcome the transalpine Ligurians in war and returned in 123 BC with a triumph.

Flaccus was appointed to the Agrarian Commission in 129 BC. In 122 BC he became a tribune to assist Gaius Gracchus in implementing an amended version of his policy of citizenship for Italians, making him the only ex-consul to hold the position of tribune.
He went to found a Roman colony, Colonia Junonia, on the ruins of Carthage. When he and Gracchus failed to win re-election in 121 BC, Flaccus led a mass protest on the Aventine Hill, but the consul Lucius Opimius suppressed it brutally, killing Flaccus among many others and resulting in the suicide of Gracchus.

Plutarch describes him as a born agitator.[4] Cicero describes Flaccus as an orator of moderate gifts and comments that his writings reveal him as a student of letters rather than an orator

His wife is unknown.

Some researchers say that Flaccus had a son called Marcus Fulvius Flaccus Bambalio who married Sempronia Gracchae, the daughter of Roman Tribune Gaius Gracchus. Their marriage resulted in a daughter and only child Fulvia who was Flaccus' only grandchild.

Child of Marcus and unknown
14......Fulvia


15 Lucius Julius CAESAR II dob unknown m Poppilia LAENATES (d 110BC)

Children of Lucius and Poppilia
16......
Lucius Julius III b abt 135 BC d 87 BC
17......Gaius Julius Strabo Vopiscus b abt 130 BC d 87BC



GENERATION 10

16 Lucius Julius CAESAR III m 14 Fulvia

Lucius was involved in the downfall of tribune Lucius Appuleius Saturninus in 100 BC and became praetor in 94 BC without being a quaestor and aedile first. Later he became Macedonian Governor. Lucius became consul in 90 BC. During his consulship, he defeated the Samnites.[1] Lucius proposed Roman Citizenship laws to allies who didn't participate in the Social War against Rome in 90 BC. This proposal became known as the Julian Law. Later he became censor and due to the success of the Julian Law, became responsible for dividing new citizens into voting districts. His colleague in this was a former consul, Publius Licinius Crassus Dives (consul 97 BC) (father of triumvir, Marcus Licinius Crassus). Lucius and his brother were killed together in 87 BC at the beginning of the Civil War by partisans of Gaius Marius. They died fighting in the streets. According to Livy, their heads were exposed on the speaker's platform.

Children of Lucius and Fulvia
18......Julia Antonia b 104BC d 40BC
19......Lucius Julius IV d aft 43BC
Note: Lucius was Consul in Rome in 64BC


20 Marcus Livius Druses II dob unknown d 109BC m Cornelia

Marcus Livius Drusus II was the son of Gaius Livius Drusus and grandson of Marcus Livius Drusus I but dates for them are not available.
Marcus II was Tribune in 112BC, Consul in 112BC and Censor in 109BC

Child of Marcus and Cornelia
21......
Marcus Livius Drusus III d 91BC



GENERATION 11

21 Marcus Livius Drusus III Tribune m Servilia of Rome

Child of Marcus III and Servilia
26......Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus d 42BC

There is an alternative theory as to the ancestry of Marcus. It suggests that Marcus was born as Appius Claudius Pulcher (by bloodline, he descended from the original Appius Claudius Pulcher, son of the Roman dictator Appius Claudius Caecus), but changed his name in honor of his father's friend the tribune Marcus Livius Drusus who adopted and raised him when he lost his parents in infancy.


38 Lucius Scribonius LIBO and unknown

Child of Lucius and unknown
39......
Scribonia b 69BC d 26BC


34 Gaius OCTAVIUS IV Roman Governor and Seator d 59BC m (a) Ancharia (b) Atia Caesonia BALBA (b 85BC d 43BC)

Gaius descended from an old, wealthy equestrian branch of the Octavii family, of whom he was the first to enter the Roman Senate. His great-great-grandfather fought as a middle-ranking officer in the Second Punic War. His father was a municipal magistrate who lived to an advanced age. Like his father, he bribed voters during elections. After his praetorship, he subsequently became governor of Macedonia. He was commissioned by the Senate on his way to Macedonia to disperse a rebellion of slaves who had previously taken part in the rebellions under Spartacus and Catiline. He proved a capable administrator in Macedonia, governing "courageously and justly", his deeds including victory in a battle against the Thracian Bessian tribe. Cicero had high regard for his diplomatic dealings. Octavius died in Nola on his way to stand for the consulship in Rome in 59 BC, supposedly in the same bedroom where Augustus would later pass away.

Child of Gaius and Ancharia
35......Octavia Thurina (The Elder)

Children of Gaius and Atia
36......Octavia the younger b 69BC Nola d 11BC
37......
Augustus Octavian Caesar b 23 Sep 63BC d 14AD




GENERATION 12

27 Marcus Antonius II CRETICUS d 71BC m 18 Julia Antonia

Marcus Antonius Creticus was a Roman politician, member of the Antonius family and son of Marcus Antonius I, Roman orator, Praetor and Consul. Creticus was son of Marcus Antonius I Orator and by his marriage to Julia Antonia (cousin of Julius Caesar) he had three sons, Gaius, Lucius and his namesake Mark Antony.

He was elected praetor in 74 BC and in the next year he received an extraordinary commission, similar to that bestowed upon Pompey by the Gabinian law years later and on his father three decades before, to clear the Mediterranean Sea of the threat of piracy, and thereby assist the operations against Mithradates VI.

Creticus not only failed in the task, but plundered the provinces he was supposed to protect from robbery. He attacked the Cretans, who had made an alliance with the pirates, but was totally defeated, most of his ships being sunk. Diodorus Siculus states that he only saved himself by a disgraceful treaty. He died soon afterwards in Crete. All authorities are agreed as to his avarice and incompetence, which earned him the nickname Creticus, meaningboth of Crete and man of chalk.

Children of Marcus and Julia
28......Marcus Antonius III (Mark Anthony) b 14 Jan 83BC Rome d 1 Aug 30BC Alexandria (Suicide)
29......Gaius Antonius d 42BC
30......Lucius Creticus Antonius dob unknown
Note: Lucius was Consul in Rome in 41BC


26 Marcus Livius Drusus CLAUDIANUS m Aufidia

Note: Aufidia was the daughter of Aufidius LURCO, a Roman magistrate

Child of Marcus and Aufidia
31......Livia Drusilla Claudia b 28 Sep 58BC d 29AD


32 Drusus Nero CLAUDIUS b abt 105BC and unknown

Child os Drusus and unknown
33......
Tiberius Claudius Nero b 85BC d 32BC


37 Augustus Octavian CAESAR m (a) 3 Livia Drusilla CLAUDIA 39BC (b) 39 Scribonia LIBINA

Child of Augustus and Scribonia
40......Julia Caesaris



GENERATION 13

31 Livia Drusilla CLAUDIA m (a) 33 Tiberius Claudius NERO (Div 39BC) (b) Augustus Octavian CAESAR 39BC

Tiberius Claudius Nero is recognized as one of Rome's greatest generals, whose campaigns in Pannonia, Illyricum, Rhaetia and Germania laid the foundations for the northern frontier. But he came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre ruler (tristissimus hominum - 'the gloomiest of men', by one account), who never wished to be Emperor. After the death of Tiberius' son Drusus in 23, the quality of his rule declined, and ended in a Terror. In 26 Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus and Quintus Naevius Macro. Caligula, Tiberius' adopted grandson, succeeded the Emperor on his demise.

Children of Tiberius and Livia
41......Tiberius Clausis Nero II b 16 Nov 42BC d 16 Mar 37AD
42......Nero Drusus Germanicus Claudius b 14 Jan 38BC d 9AD


28 Marcus Antonius III "Mark Antony" m Octavia (b 69BC d 11BC) Oct 40BC

Children of Marcus and Octavia

Marcus Antonius, commonly known in English as Mark Antony was a Roman politician and general. As a military commander and administrator, he was an important supporter and loyal friend of his mother's cousin Julius Caesar. After Caesar's assassination, Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Lepidus, known to historians today as the Second Triumvirate.

The triumvirate broke up in 33BC. Disagreement between Octavian and Antony erupted into civil war, the final war of the Roman Republic, in 31BC. Antony was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.

43......Antonia the elder b 39BC m Lucius Domitus AHENOBARBUS 25BC
44......Antonia the younger b 31 Jan 36BC


45 Marcus Vipsanius AGRIPPA (b abt 13BC d 12BC) m 40 Julia CAESARIS

Marcus was a Roman statesman and general.[2] He was a close friend, son-in-law, lieutenant and defence minister to Octavian, the future Emperor Caesar Augustus and father-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, maternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero. He was responsible for most of Octavians military victories, most notably winning the naval Battle of Actium against the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt.

Through his actions after being elected in 33 BC as one of the aediles (officials responsible for Rome's buildings and festivals), the streets were repaired and the sewers were cleaned out, while lavish public spectacles were put on. Agrippa signalled his tenure of office by effecting great improvements in the city of Rome, restoring and building aqueducts, enlarging and cleansing the Cloaca Maxima, constructing baths and porticos, and laying out gardens. He also gave a stimulus to the public exhibition of works of art. It was unusual for an ex-consul to hold the lower-ranking position of aedile,[28] but Agrippa's success bore out this break with tradition. As emperor, Augustus would later boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", thanks in part to the great services provided by Agrippa under his reign.



Hadrians Pantheon, built by Marcus


Children of Marcus and Julia
46......Gaius Vipsanius b 20BC d 4AD
47......Vipsania Julia b 19BC d 29AD
48......Lucius Vipsanius b 17BC d 2 AD Gaul
49......Julia Vipsania b 14BC d 18 Oct 33AD Pandateria
50......Marcus Vipsanius Postumus b 12BC d 14AD




GENERATION 14

42 Nero Drusus Germanicus CLAUDIUS m 44 Antonia the younger

He launched the first major Roman campaigns across the Rhine and began the conquest of Germania, becoming the first Roman general to reach the Weser and Elbe rivers. In 12 BC, Drusus led a successful campaign into Germania, subjugating the Sicambri. Later that year he led a naval expedition against Germanic tribes along the North Sea coast, conquering the Batavi and the Frisii, and defeating the Chauci near the mouth of the Weser. In 11 BC, he conquered the Usipetes and the Marsi, extending Roman control to the Upper Weser. In 10 BC, he launched a campaign against the Chatti and the resurgent Sicambri, subjugating both. The following year he conquered the Mattiaci, while defeating the Marcomanni and the Cherusci, defeating the latter near the Elbe. However, Drusus died later that year, depriving Rome of one its best generals.

Children of Nero and Antonia
51......Germanicus Julius Caesar b 24 May 15BC d 10 Oct 19AD
52......Claudia Livilla Julia b 13BC d 31AD m (a) Drusus Julius CAESAR (b) Gaius Vespania AGRIPPA 1BC
53......Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero



GENERATION 15

51 Germanicus Julius CAESAR m 49 Julia Vipsania AGRIPPINA 5AD

After the death of Augustus in 14, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the forces in Germania. A short time after, the legions rioted on the news that their recruitments would not be marked back down to 16 years from the then standard 20. Refusing to accept this, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. Germanicus put down this rebellion himself, preferring to continue only as a general. In a bid to secure the loyalty of his troops and his own popularity with them and with the Roman people, he led them on a spectacular but brutal raid against the Marsi, a German tribe on the upper Ruhr river, in which he massacred much of the tribe

During each of the next two years, he led his 8-legion army into Germany against the coalition of tribes led by Arminius, which had successfully overthrown Roman rule in a rebellion in 9. His major success was the capture of Arminius' wife Thusnelda in May 15. He let Arminius' wife sleep in his quarters during the whole of the time she was a prisoner. He said, "They are women and they must be respected, for they will be citizens of Rome soon"[citation needed]. He was able to devastate large areas and eliminate any form of active resistance, but the majority of the Germans fled at the sight of the Roman army into remote forests. The raids were considered a success since the major goal of destroying any rebel alliance networks was completed. After visiting the site of the disastrous Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, where 20,000 Romans had been killed in 9 AD, and burying their remains,[5] he launched a massive assault on the heartland of Arminius' tribe, the Cherusci. Arminius initially lured Germanicus' cavalry into a trap and inflicted minor casualties, until successful fighting by the Roman infantry caused the Germans to break and flee into the forest This victory, combined with the fact that winter was fast approaching, meant Germanicus's next step was to lead his army back to its winter quarters on the Rhine.

In spite of doubts on the part of his uncle, Emperor Tiberius, Germanicus managed to raise another huge army and invaded Germany again the next year, in 16. He forced a crossing of the Weser River near modern Minden, and then met Arminius' army at Idistaviso, further up the Weser, near modern Rinteln, in an engagement often called the Battle of the Weser River. Germanicus' leadership and command qualities were shown in full at the battle as his superior tactics and better trained and equipped legions inflicted huge casualties on the German army with only minor losses.[7] One final battle was fought at the Angivarian Wall west of modern Hanover, repeating the pattern of high German fatalities forcing them to flee.

With his main objectives reached and with winter approaching Germanicus ordered his army back to their winter camps, with the fleet occasioning some damage by a storm in the North Sea.[ Although only a small number of soldiers died it was still a bad ending for a brilliantly fought campaign. After a few more raids across the Rhine, which resulted in the recovery of two of the three legion's eagles lost in 9, Germanicus was recalled to Rome and informed by Tiberius that he would be given a triumph and reassigned to a different command. Despite the successes enjoyed by his troops, Germanicus' German campaign was in reaction to the mutinous intentions of his troops, and lacked real strategic value. In addition he engaged the German leader (Arminius) who had destroyed three Roman legions in 9, and exposed his troops to the remains of those dead Romans. Furthermore, in leading his troops across the Rhine, without recourse to Tiberius, he contradicted the advice of Augustus to keep that river as the boundary of the empire, and opened himself to doubts about his motives in such independent action. These errors in strategic and political judgement gave Tiberius reason enough to recall his nephew. Germanicus was then sent to Asia, where in 18 he defeated the kingdoms of Cappadocia and Commagene, turning them into Roman provinces. During a sightseeing trip to Egypt (not a regular province, but the personal property of the Emperor) he seems to have unwittingly usurped several imperial prerogatives.[12] The following year he found that the governor of Syria, Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, had canceled the provincial arrangements that he had made. Germanicus in turn ordered Piso's recall to Rome, although this action was probably beyond his authority.

In the midst of this feud Germanicus was stricken with a mysterious illness and died shortly thereafter in Antioch. His death aroused much speculation, with several sources blaming Piso, acting under orders from Emperor Tiberius. This was never proven, and Piso later died while facing trial (ostensibly by suicide, but Tacitus supposes Tiberius may have had him murdered before he could implicate the emperor in Germanicus' death). He feared the people of Rome knew of the conspiracy against Germanicus, but Tiberius' jealousy and fear of his nephew's popularity and increasing power was the true motive as understood by Tacitus

The death of Germanicus in what can only be described as dubious circumstances greatly affected Tiberius' popularity in Rome, leading to the creation of a climate of fear in Rome itself. Also suspected of connivance in his death was Tiberius' chief advisor, Sejanus, who would, in the 20s, create an atmosphere of fear in Roman noble and administrative circles by the use of treason trials and the role of delatores, or informers.

Children of Germanicus and Julia
54......Julia Agrippina the younger b 6 Nov 15AD d Mar 59AD Baiae
55......Nero Julius Caesar Germanicus b 6AD d 30AD
56......Drusus Julius Caesar b 7AD d 33AD
57......Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus GERMANICUS b 31 Aug 12AD d 24 Jan 41AD
Note: Gaius was the emperor Caligula
58......Julia Drusilla b 16 Sep 16AD d 10 Jun 38AD
59......Julia Livilla b 18 Lesbos d abt 42AD



GENERATION 16

53 Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero GERMANICUS (The Emperor CLAUDIUS) m 54 Julia AGRIPPINA 28AD

Claudius was considered a rather unlikely man to become emperor. He was reportedly afflicted with some type of disability, and his family had virtually excluded him from public office until his consulship with his nephew Caligula in 37. This infirmity may have saved him from the fate of many other Roman nobles during the purges of Tiberius' and Caligula's reigns. His very survival led to his being declared emperor after Caligula's assassination, at which point he was the last adult male of his family. Despite his lack of political experience, Claudius proved to be an able administrator and a great builder of public works. His reign saw an expansion of the empire, including the conquest of Britain. He took a personal interest in the law, presided at public trials, and issued up to twenty edicts a day. However, he was seen as vulnerable throughout his rule, particularly by the nobility. Claudius was constantly forced to shore up his position - resulting in the deaths of many senators. He also suffered tragic setbacks in his personal life, one of which led to his murder.

Child of Tiberius and Julia
60......Genuissa Venus Julia m Gwenivyth Arivagus PENDRAGON




Richard Green 2012