If the name you are looking for is not on this page, enter it in this search box

   Search this site       powered by FreeFind





SAUVEUR and CAROLING BRANCH




Click on the underlined name to go to the next generation

Click on the underlined number to go to the previous generation

Last revision 16 Feb 2012

Relevance Diagram

(Names in red are my direct ancestors)

CAROLING
|
MARSHAL
|
MORLEY
|
OLDMAN
|
GREEN
...

Abu-Musa...Aethling...ap Gryffydd...ap Owain 1128...ap Owain 1174...Basset...Beaumont 1136...Beaumont 1137
Bore...Bourne...Capet 907...Capet 960...Caroling 714...Caroling 960...d'Alsace...d'Amour
d'Anjou 980...d'Anjou 989...d'Anjou 1030...d'Angouleme...d'Aquitaine abt 750...d'Aquitaine 935...d'Arques...d'Aubigny 1144
d'Aubigny 1155...d'Audley...d'Aunou...d'Austrasie...d'Auverne...d'Auxerre...d'Avranches...d'Envermeu
d'Eu 958...d'Eu 1006...d'Odingsels 1240...d'Odingsels 1270...de Balliol...de Bayeux...de Baynard...de Beauchamp
de Berkeley...de Berkley...de Blois 1003...de Blois 1081...de Braose...de Bobbio...de Bourges...de Bourgogne 840
de Bourgogne 900...de Bourgogne 1023...de Bretagne 996...de Bretagne 1000...de Brittany...de Brus...de Burgh 1243...de Burgh 1256
de Burgh 1315...de Burgh 1317...de Camville...de Carcassone...de Castile...de Champagne...de Clare
de Clermont...de Conversa...de Corbeil...de Courcy...de Dutton...de Falaise 1016...de Falais 1024
de Flanders 870...de Flanders 1030...de Flanders 1033...de Flanders 1051...de Fougieres...de Gaud...de Gifford...de Gloucester
de Grey...de Guines...de Hauteville...de Hesbaye...de Huntingdon...de Jerusalem...de Lacy 1203...de Lacy 1237
de Laon...de Lens...de Lucy...de Lusigan 1249...de Lusigan 1253...de Luvetot...de Maine...de Mellent
de Meulan...de Monaco...de Monmouth...de Montfitchet...de Montford...de Montserrato...de Mowbray...de Nantes...de Navarre
de Newburg...de Paris 816...de Paris 868...de Perche...de Percy...de Plessis...de Ponthieu 800...de Ponthieu 1046
de Razes 720...de Razes 885...de Rennes...de Riddleford...de Riviers...de Rollos...de Rouen...de Rye
de Sachsen...de Scotland...de Somery...de St Hilary...de St Liz...de St Sauveur...de Sicily...de Tellieres
de Toeni...de Tonbridge...de Toulouse...de Tours...de Vere 795...de Vere 1115...de Verrieres...de Vesci...de Warrenne 1077
de Warenne 1139...de Wessex...de Italy...di Parma...du Maine...Eisteinsson...Eticondes...Fargent
Ferole...FitzHammon...FitzJohn...FitzMaurice...FitzPiers...FitzRobert...Halfdan...Haraldsson
Im Hennegau...Ingelrica...La Scrope...le Bigod...Le Despenser...Le Gand...le Goz...Le Tort
MacDuff...Marshal...Marshall...Maudit... Meroving...Normandie...Odo (Eudo) Meroving....Morley
Pecche...Plantagenet 1127...Plantagenet 1290...Rhys-Gryd...Rognvaldsson...Svensdotter...Svensson...Tyrell
Uraed...Ufgau...von Aachen...von Altdorf...von Bayern...von Ingleheim...von Wetterau...von Wormgau abt 850
von Wormgau 889...von Vinzgau



GENERATION 1

See Pepin's ancestors here

1 Pepin "le Bref" CAROLING (b 714 Jupille, Belgium) d 24 Sep 768 St Denis, Paris bur Basicila of St Denis m Bertrada de LAON (Countess of Laon and Queen of the Franks, b abt 720 d 24 Sep 768) abt 740 St Denis, Pends, Seine (and with concubine Leuthergis MEROVING)

Pepin was Mayor of Neustria and King of the Franks
In 751 Pepin the Short dethroned the last Merovingian king Childeric III and took the throne for himself. Pope Stephen crowned him in 754. In the 760s he and his son Charles tried to conquer the lands south of the Loire River, the Aquitaine. They defeated Duke Waifar in 766 and executed him and his family


Bertrada was the daughter of Charibert, Comte de Laon, and Bertrada de LAON.

These were my 35 x great grandparents

Child of Pepin and Bertrada
2......Karl aka Charles (Charlemagne) b 2 Apr 742 Ingelheim Rheinhessen bap St Denis d 28 Jan 813 St Denis bur Notre Dame D'Aix La Chapelle
3......Rothaide b abt 744 Aachen
4......Adelaide b abt 746 Aachen
5......Gertrude b 748 Aachen
6......Carloman "Martel" b 751 Samoussy, Laon d 4 Dec 771 m Gerberga VON AACHEN abt 768 Austrasia

7......Gilles b 755 Aachen
8......Pepin b 756 Aachen d as infant
9......Gisele b 757 Aachen d 30 Jul 810
10....Ade b abt 759 Aachen m "The violent" HALFDAN
Child of Pepin and Leuthergis
11....Bertha dob unknown m Maclo de VERRIERES 1st Comte D'Anjou


12 Comte Sigebert de RAZES b 695 d 768 m Bint UTHMAN (b 731)

Note: Sigebert was the son of Dagobert MEROVING, King of Austrasia and Bint was the daughter of Uthman Ibn ABU-MUSA Emir of Cordoba and Lamparde d'AQUITAINE and granddaughter of Odo MEROVING and Lampard d'AUSTRASIE

Child of Sigebert and Bint
13......
Bera b 760 d 823


14 Duke Luitfride of Alsace (b 740 Strasbourg, Alsace-Lorraine d 767 m Gerlinde d'ALSACE (b 719 Alsace d aft 742) 760
Children og Luitfrid and Gerlinde
15......
Luitfride b 735 d 802
16......Theitbaldus b 742 Alsace


17 Oliba de CARCASSONNE (b 735) m unknown

Child of Oliba and unknown
18......
Alda b 775



GENERATION 2

2 Karl CAROLING (CHARLEMAGNE) m (a) Desiderata 770 annulled 771 (b) Hildegarde VON VINZGAU (Queen of the Allemanni) (b 757 Aachen d 30 Apr 783 Thionville bur Abbaye de St Arnoul, Metz) bef 30 Apr 771 (c) Fastrada (d 794) 784 (d) Luitgarde 794

Note: Karl was the first Holy Roman Emperor. See his will here and a lot more about him here



Coin of Charlemagne

A contemporary, Einhard wrote this description of him:

He was heavily built, sturdy, and of considerable stature, although not exceptionally so, since his height was seven times the length of his own foot. He had a round head, large and lively eyes, a slightly larger nose than usual, white but still attractive hair, a bright and cheerful expression, a short and fat neck, and he enjoyed good health, except for the fevers that affected him in the last few years of his life. Toward the end, he dragged one leg. Even then, he stubbornly did what he wanted and refused to listen to doctors, indeed he detested them, because they wanted to persuade him to stop eating roast meat, as was his wont, and to be content with boiled meat

Child of Karl and concubine Himiltrude

19......Amaudru
20......Pepin "the hunchback" b 769 d 811
Children of Karl and Hildegarde
21......Karl b 772 Aix La Chapelle d 4 Dec 811 (the Younger) m Julianna Von INGELHEIM
Note: Charles (Karl) was crowned King of the Franks on 25 Dec 800
22......
Pepin Carloman b 12 Apr 773 Aachen bap 12 Apr 781 Rome d 8 Jul 810 Milan
Note: Pepin was baptised by Pope Adrian I.
23......Adelheid b 774 Pavia, Italy d Aug 774 Pavia Italy
24......Rotrude b 775 Aachen d 6 Jun 810 m Roricon I, du MAINE, Comte
25......
Ludwig "Louis" b 16 Apr 778 Chasseneuil Aquitaine d 20 Jun 840 Petersaue (an island in the Rhine near Ingleheim)
26......Lothair b 779 Aachan (Twin of Ludwig)
27......Bertha b 779 Aachen d 11 Mar 825 m Angilibert de PONTHIEU
28......Gisela b 781 Milan
29......Hildegarde b 782 Aachen d 9 Jun 783
30......Dhuada (fem) b abt 783 d after 2 Feb 842

Children of Karl and Fastrada
31......Theodrada b 784
Note: Theodrada became abess of Argenteuil
32......Hiltrude b 787

Child of Karl and concubine Gersuinda
33......Adaltrude b 774

Child of Karl and concubine Madelgarde
34......Ruodhaid b 775 d 810
Note: Ruodhaid became abbess of Faremoutiers

Child of Karl and concubine Amaltrude de VIENNE
35......Alpaida b 794 France d 26 Apr 855 m Begue de PARIS (Comte de Paris) abt 816

Children of Karl and concubine Regina
36......Drogo b 801 d 855
Note: Drogo was made Bishop of Metz in 823 and became abbot of Luxeuil Abbey
37......Hugh b 802 d 844
Note: Hugh became the archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire

Children of Karl and concubine Ethelinde
38......Richbod b 805 d 844
Note: Richbod became Abbot of Saint-Riquier


13 Bera de ROUSILLON (Count de RAZES) m 18 Alda de CARCASSONNE

Children of Bera and Alda
39......Daughter Rousillon b 785
40......Sunifred de URGEL b 810


15 Luitfred de ALSACE (Count of Upper Alsace) m Hiltrude (b 744 Alsace) 764

Child of Luitred and Hiltrude
41....Hugh (le Mefiant) b 765 Upper Alsace d 20 Oct 837 Tours


42 Luitfred ETICONDES (Comte de Tours, b 735 Tours) m unknown

Child of Luitfred and unknown
43......
Ava b 770 Tours d 4 Sep 839 Tours



GENERATION 3

22 Pepin Carloman CAROLING m (a) Ingletrude D'AUTAN (b abt 775 Autun, Saone-et-Loire) (b) Bertha de TOULOUSE (Queen of Italy b 777 Toulouse d 8 Jul 810 Milan) abt 796

Note: Bertha was the widow of Milo de VERE, Duke of Anjou (d 7950

Pepin was consecrated King of Lombardy April 15, 781, and was made king of Lombardy[2] after his father's conquest of the Lombards, in 781, and crowned by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.
He took part in campaigns against Duke Tassilo III of Bavaria from 787 and led an army against the Avars in 796. His Venetian campaign (809-810) enabled Charlemagne later to come to favourable terms with the Byzantine Empire. As early as 806 Charlemagne, in planning the division of his lands, had decided that on his death Pepin should inherit Italy, Bavaria, and the territory of the Alemanni, but Pepin predeceased his father by four years.

Ingeltrude d'AUTUN was the daughter of Comte Theirry II d'AUTUN (b abt 730 Autun d aft 793)

Children of Pepin and Ingletrude
44......Theodrate de France b 794 d 1 Sep 836 m Lambert de NANTES, comte de Herbauges.
45......
Bernard b 797 Vermandois, Austrasia d 17 Apr 818 Milan
Note: Bernard became King of Italy

Child of Pepin and Bertha
46......Atala b abt 796
47......Gundrada b abt 798
48......Adelaide b abt 799 Aix - la - Chapelle m Lambert de NANTES

49......Berta b abt 800
50......Tetrada n abt 802


25 Ludwig "Louis" CAROLING m (a) Ermengarde de HESBAYE (b 778 Hesbaye Liege, Belgium d 3 Oct 818) 798 France (b) Judith VON BAYERN b abt 800 Altdorf, Bayern d 19 Apr 843 Tours, Neustria) 2 Feb 818

Children of Ludwig and Ermegarde
51......Pippin I b 802 d 836
52......Rotrude b 803 d 23 Aug 860 m Gerard Comte d'Auverne
53......Lothaire b 805 Altdorf d 29 Sep 155 Abbey of Pruerm m Countess Ermengarde de TOURS 15 Oct 821 Thonville
Note: Lothaire became Holy Roman Emperor
54......Adelahide b 806 Tours d 866 m (a) Conrad d'AUXERRE (b) Rupert IV Von WORMGAU abt 828
55......Ludwig II b 807 d 28 Aug 876 m Hemma von ALTDORF
56......Alpaidia b 818 m Robert I de BOURGOGNE (King of the West Franks)

Children of Ludwig and Judith
57......
Gisele b 820 Frankfurt d 1 Jul 874 m Rollo ROGNVALDSSON (Duke of Normandy)
58......Karl II b 13 Jun 823 Frankfurt d 6 Oct 877 Brides-les-Bain
59......Alpaide b 825 m Bego de PARIS abt 845


60 Luitard de FEZENSAC (of Paris b 782 d 821) m 39 Daughter Roussillon

Note: Luitard was the son of Begue de PARIS and Luitgarde CAROLINGIAN

Child of Luitard and Roussillon
61......Girard b 0806 Metz d 879


41 Hugh de BOURGES (Comte de Alsace) m 43 Ava ETICONDES

Children of Hugh and Ava
62......Bertha b 804 Tours
63......Adelaide b abt 818 d abt 866 m King Rutpert IV de WORMGAU (d Sep 866) abt 839
64......Ermengarde b abt 819 d 20 Mar 851 m King Lothaire I de ITALY (b 795 d 29 Sep 855) 15 Oct 821 Preum, Germany
65......Luitfrid d 865



GENERATION 4

45 Bernard CAROLING (King of Italy) m Kunigunda Di PARMA (b abt 797 Parma d aft 15 Jun 835) 813

Note: Kunigunda was the daughter of Adelgis de PARMA

Bernard succeeded his father, Pepin, as King of Italy in 812. Bernard's uncle, Louis the Pious, became emporer in 814 upon Charlemagne's's death. He made no provision for Bernard in the plan for succession after his own death as he had sons of his own. Bernard, feeling he had been slighted, revolted against Louis, who put down the revolt and had Bernard blinded. Bernard died from the effects of this act.

Child of Bernard and Kunigunda
66......Pepin II b 818 St Quentin, Aisne, Picardy d 848 Milan


58 Karl (Charles) II "The Bald" (king of France) m (a) Ermentrude d'ORLEANS (b 27 Sep 830 Orleans, d 6 Oct 869 St Denis) 13 Dec 842 Crecy (b) Richilde de METZ (b 852 Metz d Apr 877) 25 Nov 870

The birth of Charles II in 823 did not at first excite jealousy or rivalry among his brothers. In 829, Charles was granted the region of Alemannia, Rhaetia and part of Burgundy. In 837, his Father Louis I , by arrangement with Louis the German and Pepin gave Charles the land West of the Meuse, Burgundy, Chartres and Paris together with all the bishops, abbots and counts who held benefices in these territories . A portion of Neustria was added in 838, and upon Pepin's death, Louis Le Pieux made Charles King of Aquitaine. On 24 July 840, the new Emperor, Lothar, in Strasburg, refused to support the land claims of Charles (from the agreement of Worms on 30 May 839). The two brothers, Louis and Charles, unite against Lothar and the "War of the Three Brothers" began. Meanwhile, on 12 May 841, the Normans ravaged Rouen and all the localities along the Seine, increasing their wealth considerably. At Fontenoy-en-Puisaye (24 June 841) , Charles defeated his brothers Lothar (in spite of the arri val of the Army of Aquitaine in the Imperial ranks -- and a total loss of 40,000 lives at the battle) and Louis Le Germanique. Charles and Louis signed an alliance on 14 Fe bruary 842 at Strasbourg. Leaving Strasbourg, the two brothers defeated the imperial army of Lothar just West of Comblence. Lothar left Aix-le-Chapelle precipitously, pursued by the two brothers. In Mellecey, not far from Chalon-sur-Saone, Lothar proposed a plan to establish perpetual peace which was acceptable to both Louis and Charles. On 15 June, they signed the preliminary peace document. On 1 October 842, each of them sent 40 commissioners to Metz to forge the official document. Prudence, the Bishop of Troyes, notes that Louis regained Germania in the East, Lothar got the middle part of the Frank Kingdom, including Italy, and Charles obtained the Western lands (West of the Rhone, including Soissons). After that Charleswent to the Palace in Quierzy , where he married Ermentrude.

Charles signed the Treaty of Verdun (843) which split the Kingdom of Charlemagne. By the Treaty, the destiny of Occidental Europe would be heavily influenced to this day. Louis obtained all lands East of the Rhine, including the cities of Spire, Worms and Mayence. Lothar got all the lands extending between the Rhine and the Escaut, the Cambresis, the Hainaut, the country of Mezieres, and all the countships neighboring the Meuse, through the Saone and the Rhone, the Artois and Italy. Charles got all the lands East all the way to Spain. The Kingdom of Charlemagne thus was split forever, with the most serious rift between the Germanic lands of Louis, and the French lands of Charles. The intervening lands extending from Frisia to Rome, from the North Sea to the Mediterranean including what would become Holland, Belgium, Lorraine and Switzerland would become a sore point o f contention between these two peoples.

Meanwhile, the Normans pillaged Nantes and lower Aquitaine . Charles laid siege to Toulouse in vain (May to July 844) . The Normans led by Ragnar Lodbrog arrived in Paris and had to be heavily bribed to leave. Other Norman armies ravaged Toulouse and Bordeaux (burned to the ground in 848). On 6 May 848, Duke Nomenoe proclaimed the independence of the Church of Bretagne and the following year proclaimed himself King of Bretagne. Charles fought Brittany (Bretagne) in 845- 851 and was victorious. Not liking Pepin II, the people o f Aquitaine requested Charles' help, and he obliged by accepting the Crown, and on 6 June 848 is consecrated King of Aquitaine, though he could not defend his kingdom against the Normans. In 850 Charles attacked Bretagne and left a garrison in Rennes. No sooner did he leave, that Nomenoe takes the city and then took Nantes as well. The next year, Nomenoe ravaged Maine, but, fortunately for Charles, the King of Bretagne dies suddenly on 7 March in Vendome. Charles has Pepin II locked in the Monastery of Saint-Medard de Soissons in 852. The Normand under Godfrid pillaged Tours and Angers and penetrated via the Valley of Escaut all the way t o the Seine. The loyalty of Aquitaine shifts in 853, and L ouis the German is called upon to help against Charles le Chauve. He in turn defeats Louis and offers Aquitaine his son by Ermentrude, Charles, who would be crowned sovereign in Limoges in October 855. Both Pepin II and Charles d'Aquitaine escape and raise armies against Charles le Chauve. Charles fought against Louis for Lorraine (859, 870 [Treaty of Mersen] and 875).

When Louis le Germanique becomes ill in 869 near Rastisbonne, shortly after his nephew Lothar II died, Charles saw the opportunity to claim his heritage as Uncle of the deceased. He has himself annointed King of Lorraine in Metz on 9 September, by the Bishop Hincmar. In March, 867, Charles d'Aquitaine dies, and his father Charles le Chauve is recognized as King by the Assembly in Pouilly-sur-Loire. Upon the death of his nephew, Lothar II on 8 August 869, Charles sped to Lotharingia and had himself crowned King of Lotharingia annointed on 9 September in the cathedral at Metz by Bishop Adventius of Metz and Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims. I n 9 August 870, through the Treaty of Meerseen, Louis "Le G ermanique" and Charles "Le Chauve" reach an agreeable compromise whereby they divided the lands of Lothar II between themselves, leaving Louis II no part of the inheritance. As soon as Louis II died on 12 August 875, Charles rushed to Italy and received the imperial crown and was annointed by Pop e John VIII on 25 December 875. In Pavia on 5 January 876 , by acclamation of the counts and nobles of Italy, Charles became King of Italy. On 31 January 876, the Archbishop of Milan proclaims Charles as Emperor. The French ecclesiasticals and nobles, having some misgivings about Charles ' ability to take care of his Kingdom met in Ponthion. Charles joined them dressed in the attire of the Frankish King . As soon as they declare him elected and recognize his imperial authority, Charles donned the Byzantine crown, and purple vestment of emperor. When Louis le Germanique died o n 28 August 876, Charles claimed Lorraine as his own. While on an expedition in Italy against the Sarrasins, through the specific request of Pope Jean VIII, Charles le Chauve died at the foot of Mount Cenis.

Children of Karl and Ermentrude
67......Judith b 844 d after 870 m Athelwulf de WESSEX (King of Wessex) (b) Aethelbald de WESSEX King of Wessex (c) Baldwin de FLANDERS
68......Louis II (The stammerer) b 1 Nov 846 d 10 Apr 879 m Adelahide de PARIS abt 868
69......Charles b 847 d 876
70......Lothar b 848 d 865
Note: Lothar became a monk
71......Carloman b 849 d 876
72......Rotrude b abt 847 d between 889 and 928 m Count Sigebert de RAZES abt 885
73......Ermentrude b 854 d 877
Note: Ermentrude became Abbess of Hasnon
74......Hersent b 865 Orleans d abt 890 m Regnier Im HENNEGAU abt 886
75......Godehilde b 868 d bef 907
76......Gisela b 857 d 874

Children of Karl and Richilde
77......Rohaut b abt 870 Metz d 928 m Hugh de BOURGES abt 890
78......Rothilde b 871 d 22 Mar 928


61 Girarde METZ m 62 Bertha de TOURS (Countess of Tours)

Child of Girarde and Bertha
79......Eva b 827 Paris



GENERATION 5

66 Pepin II CAROLING m (a) Countess Peronne de VERMANDOIS (b 820 France d 857) (b) Crothais CAROLING b 820 France



Coin of Pepin II

Note: Pepin was Count of Peronne and St Quentin

Children of Pepin and Peronne
80......Berenger Wido b abt 847 Bayeux d 886 Bayeux
Note: Berenger was Count of Bayeux and Senlis, and was killed by Rollo in a viking attack on Normandy
81......Pepin III b 839 Vermandois d 893 Senlis

Children of Pepin and Crothais
82......Herbert b 848 Vermandois d 902 St Quentin
83......Bernard dob unknown, born in Laon


84 Guerin DE MORVOIS (Comte de Morvois, b 820 d 886) m 79 Eve de PARIS (b abt 820)

Note: Guerin was Count of Morvois and son of Gorm of Jutland

Child of Guerin and Eve
85......Bertha b 846 Morvois



GENERATION 6



Arms of Vermandois

81 Pepin III de VERMANDOIS m Rothaide de BOBBIO (b abt 820 Brosse, Ile de France)

Note: Pepin was Count of Senlis and Rothaide was the daughter of the Abbe Wala de BOBBIO

Children of Pepin III and Rothaide
86......Bernard II b 844 Vermandois d 28 Jan 893
87......Gerberge b 854 m Diedrich de GAUD
88......Pepin III Berenger b 846 Rennes d aft 28 Jan 893
89......Herbert b 848 Peronne d 6 Nov 902
90......Beatrix b 854 Vermandois
91......Maud b 857 Vermandois
92......Adelaide b 858 Vermandois d 941
93......Cunigunda dob unknown


82 Herbert CAROLING m 85 Bertha de MORVOISE

Note: Herbert was the Count Vermandois

Children of Herbert and Bertha
94......Adele b 878 Vermandois d 12 Dec 949 m Udo Von WETTERAU 918
95......Beatrice b 880 Vermandois d Mar 931 m Robert de BOURGOGNE (King of France) abt 900
96......Herbert b 884 Vermandois d 23 Feb 942 St Quentin m Hildebrante CAPET (Princess of the Franks) bef 907
97......Conradine b abt 982 Vermandois
98......Adela b 885 Vermandois d abt 941 m Gebhard Von UFGAU
99......Hugo b bef 902 Vermandois
100....
Sprota b 911 Bretagne, Normandy


See Rollo's ancestors here
101 Ganger Hrolf ('Rollo") ROGNVALDSSON (b 846 Maer, Nord-Trondelag Norway d 932 Notre Dame, Rouen) m (a) Poppa de BAYEUX (b 872 Evreux) d 932) 891 Castle St Cler, Normandy (b) 57 Giselle CAROLING

Note Poppa was the daughter of Cte Berenger de BAYEUX but there is an alternative: Gui de SENLIS, although this seems to me to be a weaker case.

Rollo was Jarl of Moere and the First Duke of Normandy. He was banished from Norway to the Hebrides abt 876 and making himself independent of King Harald I of Norway, Rollo sailed off to raid Scotland, England, Flanders, and France on pirating expeditions and, about 911, established himself in an area along the Seine River.
Charles III the Simple of France held off his siege of Paris, battled him near Chartres, and negotiated the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, giving him the part of Neustria that came to be called Normandy; Rollo in return agreed to end his brigandage. He gave his son, William I Longsword, governance of the dukedom (927) before his death. Rollo was baptized in 912 but is said to have died a pagan. According to Orderic Vitalis, Rollo "stormed and captured Bayeux, slew its count Berengar and took to wife his daughter Poppa"


Note: Rollo was the son of Rognvald EYSTEINSSON Giselle was granddaughter to Charlemagne and daughter of Charles III, King of France and Frederuna von Sachsen

Children of Rollo and Poppa
102......William "Longsword" b 891 Normandy d 17 Dec 942 Normandy
Note: William was ambushed and assinated by servants of Theobald of Bolois and Arnulf of Flanders on the island of Picquigny in the So
103......Kathlin b 905 Normandy
104......Gerletta b 910 Normandy m William D'AUVERNE
105......Adaele b 917 Normandy m Duke William D'AQUITAINE 935
106......Crispina b 920 Rouen, Normandy m Grimaldus I de MONACO
107......Robert b abt 922 m a widow, Mrs Robert FITZHAMMON



GENERATION 7

108 Vicomte Richard de St SAUVEUR (b 893 d after 933) m unknown

Note: Richard owned half the Isles of Manche (which half is not known)

Child of Richard and unknown
109......Nigel b 905 St Sauveur d aft 933
110......Billeheude dob unknown d 1060


100 Sprota CAROLING as concubine, with 102 William "Longsword" de NORMANDY (Second Duke of Normandy) abt 932 in Bretagne

William succeeded Rollo sometime around 927 and, early in his reign, faced a rebellion from Normans who felt he had become too Gallicised and also from Bretons. According to Orderic Vitalis, the leader was Riouf of Evreux.
After putting down the rebellion, William attacked Brittany and ravaged the territory. Resistance to the Normans was led by Alan Wrybeard and Beranger but shortly ended with the Wrybeard fleeing to England and Beranger seeking reconciliation. However, it was not through invasion that he gained Breton territory but by politics, receiving Contentin and Avranchin as a gift from the Rudolph, King of France.
In 935, William married Luitgarde, daughter of Herbert II of Vermandois whose dowry gave him the lands of Longueville, Coudres and Illiers l'Eveque. His expansion northwards, including the fortress of Montreuil brought him into conflict with Arnulf I of Flanders. The funerary monument of William Longsword in the cathedral of Rouen, France. The monument is from the XIVth century.
In 939 William became involved in a war with Arnulf I of Flanders, which soon became intertwined with the other conflicts troubling the reign of Louis IV. It began with Herluin appealing to William for help to regain the castle of Montreuil from Arnulf. Losing the castle was a major setback in Arnulf's ambitions and William's part in it gained him a deadly enemy. He was ambushed and killed by followers of Arnulf on 17 December 942 at Picquigny on the Somme while at a meeting to settle their differences.
His son Richard the Fearless, child of his concubine, Sprota, succeeded him.

Child of William and Sprota
111......Richard "The Fearless" b 28 Aug 933 Fecamp d 20 Nov 966 The Monastery at Fecamp


112 Geoffrey "Ferole" (Count of Gatineais and Chateau Laudon) m Beatrice de MACON

Note: Beatrice was the daughter of Aubri count of Macon and Burgundy

Child of Geoffrey and Beatrice
113......
Aubri Geoffrey b 1000 Chateau Landon, Seine-et-Marne d 1 Apr 1046 Anjou



GENERATION 8

86 Bernard de VERMONDOIS m unknown

Child of Bernard and unknown
114......Adele b abt 944 Isle de France m Cte Gautier de VEXIN 974
See Adele's descendants here


109 Vicomte Nigel de St SAUVEUR m Sprota de VERMANDOIS

Chid of Nigel and Sprota
115......Roger b abt 933 St Sauveur d abt 1014


111 Richard 1st (Sans Peur) de NORMANDY m (a) Gunhilde D'ARQUES (b) Emma CAPET 960

Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Louis kept him in confinement in his youth at Laon, but he escaped with the assistance of Osmund de Centeville, Bernard de Senlis (who had been a companion of Rollo of Normandy), Ivo de BellŹsme, and Bernard the Dane (ancestor of families of Harcourt and Beaumont). In 968, Richard agreed to "commend" himself to Hugh, Count of Paris. He then allied himself with the Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947. He later quarrelled with Ethelred II of England regarding Viking invasions of England because Normandy had been buying up much of the stolen booty.
Richard was bilingual, having been well educated at Bayeux. He was more partial to his Norse and Danish subjects than to the French. During his reign, Normandy became completely Gallicized and Christianized. He introduced the feudal system and Normandy became one of the most thoroughly feudalized states on the continent. He carried out a major reorganization of the Norman military system, based on heavy cavalry. He also became guardian of the young Hugh, Count of Paris, on the elder Hugh's death in 956.

Child of Richard and Gunnor de CREPON(mistress)
116....Havlive de ROUEN b 968 Normandy m Geoffrey d'ANJOU Duke of Brittany abt 989

Children of Richard and un named mistresses
117......Miss de NORMANDY b 949 Rouen
118......Godfrey Fitzrichard b 953 Brionne d 1040
119......Richard II "Le Bon" b 958 d 28 Aug 1026 Nicea, Turkey m Judith de RENNES abt 1004 Fecamp

Children of Richard and Emma
120......Robert b 964 Normandy d 1035
Note: Robert became Count d'Evreux and Archbishop of Rouen
121......
Geoffrey b abt 969 Brionne Normandy d abt 1015
122......Muriella b abt 970 Rouen m Baldric de COURCEYabt 988
123......Guillaume b 971 Hiesmes m Beatrice le GOZ after 1007
See the Bigod branch
here
124......Mauger b 974 Rouen d 1040 Corbeil m Germaine de CORBEIL
125......Hawisa b 977 Rouen d 21 Feb 1032 m Geoffroi de BRETAGNE 996
126......Emma b 988 Normandy d 6 Mar 1051 Winchester m (a) Athelraed II UNRAED (King of England) 1002 Winchester Cathedral (b) Canute II "The Great" SVENSSON 2 Jul 1017
127......Maud dob unknown m Eudes II, Comte de BLOIS 1003


113 Aubri Geoffrey (Count of Gatinais and Loudon) m Ermengarde d'ANJOU (b abt 1012 ) abt 1030

Note: Ermengard was the sister of Geoffrey "Martel", Count of Anjou ( b 14 Oct 996 d (without issue) 14 November 1066). Thus, Ermengard's descendants became the Counts of Anjou.

Children of Aubri and Ermengarde
128......Hildegarde b abt 1032 m Joscelin de COURTENAY

129......Fulk IVb 1043 Anjou d 14 Apr 1109



GENERATION 9

115 Vicomte Roger de St SAUVEUR m 117 Miss NORMANDIE (dau of 111 Richard I of Normandy) abt 965

Children of Roger and Miss Normandie
130......Nigel b 966 St Sauveur d 1045
131......Hamon b 965 St Sauveur


118 Godfrey FITZRICHARD (Comte d'Eu) m Haywise de GUINES (b 958) abt 976

Godfrey, was the eldest of the illegitimate boys of Duke Richard I "Sans Peur", the Conqueror's great-grandfather. While the Duke granted Godfrey Brionne, he did not make him a count.
Godfrey' s comital title derives from the grant of the county of Eu made to him after 996 by his half-brother, Duke Richard I I. After Godfrey's death, Eu was given to William, another of Duke Richard I's bastard sons, and Gilbert, Godfrey' s son, was left with only the lordship of Brionne. However, under Duke Robert I, father of William the Conqueror, Gilbert assumed the title of count of Brionne while not relinquishing his claim to Eu.
When Count William of Eu died shortly before 1040, Gilbert assumed the land and title, but he was assassinated in 1040 and his young sons, Richard and Baldwin, were forced to flee Normandy, finding safety at the court of Baldwin V, count of Flanders. When William the Conqueror married Count Baldwin's daughter, he restored Gilbert's sons to Normandy, although he did not invest them with either Brionne or Eu or a comital title. William granted the lordships of Bienfaite and Orbec to Richard fitz Gilbert, and Le Sap and Meules to Baldwin. While Gilbert 's descendants later pressed a claim for Brionne, it was never restored.

Children of Godfrey and Haywise
132...... Gilbert Crispin b 953 Brionne d 1040
Note: Gilbert became Comte d'Eu and Bronne, but was assasinated at Eu 1040
133......Alela d'EU b abt 985 Eu
134......Muriella d'Eu b abt 990 d abt 1025 m Tancrede II de HAUTEVILLE abt 1020


119 Richard "The Good" de NORMANDY m (a) Judith de BRETAGNE (b abt 982 d 1017) 1000 (b) Astrid SVENSSDOTTER (widow, b abt 1000) 1017 (c) Papia de ENVERMEU (b 990) abt 1020

Note: Judith was the daughter of Duke Conan Le TORT of Brittany and Ermengarde d'ANJOU. Richard and Astrid Sveynsdottir were divorced before 1024 - she was the daughter of Svein Forkbeard HARALDSSON, king of Denmark and England.

Children of Richard and Judith
135......Robert "The Devil" b 1001 d 2 Jul 1035 Jerusalem on a pilgrimage
136......Judith b 1002 d aft 7 Jul 1037 m Renaud, Comte de BOURGOGNE abt 1023
137......Richard b abt 1001 d 1027
138......Nicholas dob unknown
139......Eleanor b 1010 d 1071 m Comte Baldwin IV "The Bearded" de FLANDERS abt 1030

Children of Richard and Papia 140......Guillaume b abt 1020
141......Mauger dob unknown d 1055 Guernsey


121 Geoffrey de NORMANDY m Countess d'EU (b abt 958)

Note: Geoffrey was Count de Brionne

Child of Geoffrey and wife
144......Gilbert Crispin b abt 1000 Brionne, Normandy


129 Fulk IV d'ANJOU "Le Rechin" m Bertrada de MONTFORD (d 14 Feb 1117 Fontrevrault) 1076

Note: Bertrada was the daughter of Simon I Seigneur of Montfort. Whiulst still married to Fulk, she was carried off by King Phillipe I of France and after Phillipe's death she retired to a monastery

Child of Fulk and Bertrada
145......Fulk V b 1089 d 10 Nov 1143
Note: Fulk became King of Jerusalem and Count of Anjou



GENERATION 10

135 Robert of NORMANDY with Herleve de Falaise (Arletta)

in 1027 Robert was returning to his castle in Falaise when he set eyes upon a girl washing her clothes in the river nearby. When Robert saw her, he was immediately attracted by her beauty. Both would have been about 17 or 18 at the time. Unable to get her out of his mind, he sent a messenger to her to arrange a meeting. Expecting her to readily agree, it must of come as a shock when she refused unless she came in broad daylight, mounted, and through the main gate. When Robert was informed, he agreed. Within one year a baby boy was born and was named William. The William who would later be known as the Conqueror and King William of England. Never would Herleve's father Fulbert, a leather tanner, have thought that he would become grandfater to the King of England.

Children of Robert and Herleve
142......William b 1028 d 9 Sep 1087
Note: This was the William who became Duke of Normandy and King of England
143......Adeliza b 1026 Calvados


130 Nigel II de St SAUVEUR m Godhilda BORE

Children of Nigel and Godhilda
146......Neigel III b 985 St Sauveur d after 1066 m Adela D'EU abt 1006
Note: Adela was grand daughter of 111 King Richard (Sans Peur)
See the Mohaut Branch here


147......William (Vicomte Contentin) m Adelica DE PLESSIS (b 1020
See Bigod Branch
here Adelica was the daughter of Grimold de PLESSIS
148......M b 1022 St Sauveur m Robert (Roger") Le BIGOD abt 1065
See the Bigod Branch
here


132 Gilbert Crispin FITZGODFREY m Herleve (Arlette) de FALAIS (b abt 1003 d 1050) abt 1024

Children of Gilbert and Herleve
149......Richard b bef 1035 Bienfaite, Normandy d 1090 St Neots, Huntingdonshire
150......Baldwin b abt 1025 Brionne d 1095 m Albreda d'AVRANCHES




Arms of de LENS

143 Adeliza de NORMANDY m (a) Enguerrand II de PONTHIEU abt 1046 (b) Lambert II de LENS (b 1022 Lens d 1054 Battle of Lille) 1054 (c) Odo II de CHAMPAGNE abt 1056

Child of Lambert and Adeliza
162......Judith b 1054 Lens d 1086 Fotheringay, Nothamptonshire
163......Walter b abt 1056 Bedford


144 Gilbert "Crispin" de BRIONNE m Gunnora D'AUNOU (b abt 984)

Children of Gilbert and Gunnora
164......Baldwin FITZGILBERT b abt 1022 Meules, Normandy bap Okehampton, Devonshire d 1090
165......Richard "De Tonbridge" "De Clare" FITZGILBERT b 1024 Bienfaite, Normandy d abt 1090 St Neots, Hunts



GENERATION 11

142 William Duke of Normandy and King of England m (a) Maud INGELRICA secretly, abt 1045 (b) Matilda (Maud) de FLANDERS 21 Jun 1051 Notre Dame de Eu, Angi, Normandy

From postmortem decay his abdominal abscess had turgidly putrefied, bloating the corpse and expanding its girth. A group of bishops applied pressure on the king's abdomen to force the body downward (in the coffin) but it moved only inches; the lid still would not shut. Again they pushed, and the abdominal wall, already under intense internal pressure, burst. Pus and putrefaction drenched the king's death garb and seeped throughout the coffin. The stench so overpowered chapel mourners that, hands to noses, many raced for the doors The shouts of acclamation -- in English as well as in French -- alarmed the Norman guards stationed outside the abbey. Believing that inside the church something had gone horribly wrong, they set fire to the neighbouring houses. Half a century later, a Norman monk recalled the chaos of that day. As the fire spread rapidly, the people in the church were thrown into confusion and crowds of them rushed outside, some to fight the flames, others to take the chance to go looting.

Children of William and Matilda
151......Robert Curthose b 1051 Normandy d 10 Feb 1133 Cardiff Castle m Sybilla de CONVERSA May 1100
152......Richard (Duke of Bernay) b 1054 Normandy d 1081 New Forest, Hampshire
Note: Richard was killed during a hunt by a stag
153......Adelidis (Alice) b 1055 Normandy d 1066
154......Cecelia b 1056 Normandy d 30 Jul 1126 Caen, Calvados
Note: Cecelia became Abbess of Caen Holy Trinity
155......William Rufus b 1060 Normandy d 2 Aug 1100 New Forest, Hampshire
Note: William II, King of England was shot through the head by an arrow



The Great Seal of William Rufus

156......Adela b 1062 Normandy d 8 Mar 1137 Marcigny-sur-Loire m Comte Etienne-Henri "The Sage" de BLOISE 1081 Breteuil
157......Gundred b 1063 Normandy d 27 May 1085 Castle Acre, Norfolk m William de WARRENNE (Earl of Surrey) 1077
See the Bardolf Branch
here
158......Agatha (Matilda) b 1064 Normandy d 1080 Calvados
159......Anna b 1066
160......Constance b 1066 Normandy d 13 Aug 1090 m Alan IV FERGENT (Duke of Brittany) 1086
161......
Henry Beauclerc b 1068 Selby, Yorkshire d 1 Dec 1135 St Denis-le-Fermont, Rouen


145 Fulk V "Le Jeun" (Count of Anjou and King of Jerusalem) m (a) Erembourge de MAINE abt 1107 (b) Melisende de JERUSALEM 2 Jun 1129

Fulk "le Jeun" (the Younger) became King of Jerusalem in 1131 on the death of Baldwin II, his father-in-law by his second marriage. Fulk is buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The Crusaders set up the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem after killing many thousands of the Arab and Jewish inhabitants of the area. At its greatest extent under Fulk "le Jeun", the Kingdom comprised most of present day Israel and part of Syria. Muslim counter attacks steadily shrank the size of the crusading kingdom. In 1187, Jerusalem was retaken by by Saladin. Eventually, the last Christian stronghold at Acre surrendered in 1291 and the Crusaders departed from the Holy Land.

Children of Fulk and Erembourge
171......Sybil b 1112 Anjou d 1165 St Lazarus Abbey, Bethlehem m Theodore de FLANDERS abt 1133
172......
Geoffrey b 24 Nov 1113 Anjou d 7 Sep 1151
173...... Isabella b 1114 d 1154 m William AETHLING, Duke of Normandy and prince of England

The only legitimate son of King Henry Beauclerc of England, William drowned when the White Ship was wrecked . A boat was launched and William was rowed to safety. The cries of his sister Maud, Countess of Perche, induced him to return to the wreck where they sank together.

174......Alice b 1111 d 15 Jan 1151 m Phillipe de PERCHE abt 1130

Children of Fulk and Melisende
175......Baldwin dob unknown
176......Amlaric dob unknown


149 Richard FITZGILBERT de CLARE de TONBRIDGE (Earl) m Rohese de GIFFORD (b 1034 Longueville, Normandy) d aft 1100 England) abt 1054

Richard was regent of England jointly with William de Warenne during the Conqueror's absence in 1075, and he served in various other important capacities for the King. King William rewarded his cousin well, granting him one of the largest fiefs in the territorial settlement. The lordship centered on Clare , Suffolk, which had been an important stronghold in Anglo-Saxon times. The bulk of Richard fitz Gilbert's estates lay in Suffolk, Essex, Surrey, and Kent, but comprised holdings in various other counties in the southern and eastern parts of the kingdom as well. In addition, King William arranged for Richard's marriage to Rohese, sister of Walter Giffard, later Earl of Buckingham, and her dowry, consisting of lands in Huntingdon and Hertford, became absorbed in the family inheritance. Richard became Lord of Clare, so named about 1117. He was founder of the priory at Tonbridge. He tried to consolidate the gains made by his father in Cardigan but was surprised and slain by the Welsh in an ambush, near Abergavenny on April 15, 1136.

Children of Richard and Rohese
177......Walter b 1058 Chepstow d 1138 (Lord of Nether Gwent)
178...... Avice b abt 1059 St Martin de Beibfaite d 1088 Stafford m Sir Robert de TOENI (b 1038 Tosni)
179......Isabel b 1060
180......Richard b 1062 Tunbridge d 1107 (Abbot of Ely)
181......Rohais b 1066 Orbec, Calvados m Ralph de TELLIERES
182......
Robert b 1064 Tunbridge d 1136 Dunmow
Note: Robert, was steward to King Henry I, and was granted the Barony of Dunmow in Essex, as also the honour of Baynard Castle, in the city of London, both of which came into the possession of the crown by the forfeiture of William Baynard.
183......Roger b 1064 d 1131
184......Gilbert b bef 1066 Clare d between 1114 and 1117 Cardigan, Wales
Note: Gilbert became Earl of Clare
185......Rohese b 1067 Tunbridge d 1121 m Eudo "dapifer" de RYE 1088
186......Adeliza b 1069 d 15 May 1141 m Walter TYRELL
187......Havoise b abt 1072 Brionne m Seigneur Henry de FOUGERES


See Waltheof's ancestors
here
162 Judith de LENS m Waltheof II of HUNTINGDON (b1046 Huntingdon d 31 May 1076 excuted by beheading) 1070 Huntingdon

In 1075 Waltheof joined the revolt of the Earls against William. It was the last serious act of resistance against the Norman conquest. Judith betrayed Waltheof to her uncle, who had Waltheof beheaded on 31 May 1076.

After Waltheof's execution Judith was betrothed by William to Simon I of St. Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton. Judith refused to marry Simon and she fled the country to avoid William's anger. He then temporarily confiscated all of Judith's English estates.
Judith founded Elstow Abbey in Bedfordshire around 1078. She also founded churches at Kempston and Hitchin.
She had land-holdings in 10 counties in the Midlands and East Anglia. Her holdings included land at Earls Barton, Grendon and Doddington, Northamptonshire, Merton in Oxfordshire and Potton in Bedfordshire

Children of Waltheof and Judith
188......Judith b 1066 Huntingdon
189......Matilda de St Liz b 1068 Huntingdon d 1140 Northumbria
190......Eadulph b 1070 Huntingdon
191......Maud or Matilda b 1072 Huntingdon d 23 Apr 1131 Scone, Perthshire
192......John b 1073 Winchester d 1160 Johnston, Scotland



GENERATION 12

161 Henry BEAUCLERC (Henry I, King of England) m Matilda (Edith) (b 1079 Dunfermline d 1 May 1118 Westminster Palace) 11 Nov 1100 Westminster Abbey



King Henry 1st burial plaque

He succeeded his elder brother William II as King of England in 1100 and defeated his eldest brother, Robert Curthose, to become Duke of Normandy in 1106. A later tradition called him 'Beauclerc' for his scholarly interests - he could read Latin and put his learning to effective use - and 'Lion of Justice' for refinements which he brought about in the royal administration, which he rendered the most effective in Europe, rationalizing the itinerant court, and his public espousal of the Anglo-Saxon legal tradition. Henry's reign established deep roots for the Anglo-Norman realm, in part through his dynastic (and personal) choice of a Scottish princess who represented the lineage of Edmund Ironside for queen. His succession was hurriedly confirmed while his brother Robert was away on the First Crusade, and the beginning of his reign was occupied by wars with Robert for control of England and Normandy. He successfully reunited the two realms again after their separation on his father's death in 1087. Upon his succession he granted the baronage a Charter of Liberties, which linked his rule of law to the Anglo-Saxon tradition, forming a basis for subsequent limitations to the rights of English kings and presaged Magna Carta, which subjected the king to law.
The rest of Henry's reign, a period of peace and prosperity in England and Normandy, was filled with judicial and financial reforms. He established the biannual Exchequer to reform the treasury. He used itinerant officials to curb the abuses of power at the local and regional level that had characterized William Rufus' unpopular reign, garnering the praise of the monkish chroniclers. The differences between the English and Norman populations began to break down during his reign and he himself married a descendant of the old English royal house.
He made peace with the church after the disputes of his brother's reign and the struggles with Anselm over the English investiture controversy (1103-07), but he could not smooth out his succession after the disastrous loss of his eldest son William in the wreck of the White Ship. His will stipulated that he was to be succeeded by his daughter, the Empress Matilda, but his stern rule was followed by a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.

Children of Henry and Matilda

166......Euphemia b Jul 1101
167...... Matilda (aka Edith) b 5 Aug 1102 Winchester d 10 Sep 1169
168......William Audelin b 5 Aug 1103 d 25 Nov 1120 m Isabella Jun 1119 Liseux
Note: William died at the sinking of the White Ship, Barfleur, after which Isabella, only 15 at marriage became Abbess of Fontrevrault
169......Richard b 1105 d 25 Nov 1120 Barfleur
Note: Richard drowned at the sinking of the white ship as did his brother William
170......Adelaide b 1112 Normandy


184 Gilbert FitzRichard de CLARE (Earl of Hertford) m Adeliza de CLERMONT (b 1072 Clermont en Beauvais d 1117) bef 1086

Children of Gilbert and Adeliza
199......Walter b abt 1086 d abt 1149 England
200......Richard b 1094 Clare d 15 Apr 1136 Abegavenny
201......Haywise b 1089 Clare
202......Adeliza b 1093 Clare d 1162 St Osyth Priory m Aubrey II de VERE (Sheriff of London)
203......Agnes b 1091 Clare m Geoffrey de St LEGER abt 1112
204......Baldwin b 1092 Clare d 1154 Bourne, Lincs m Adeline de ROLLOS (heiress of Bourne b 1092) abt 1113
Note: Baldwin became Lord of Deeping & Skellingthorpe, Lincolnshire
205......Margaret b 1093 Clare
206......Margaret b 1097 Clare d aft 1185 m William de MONTFITCHET
207......Rohesia b 1110 Clare d 1149
208......Hervey b 1096 Clare d 1189 m BECKET
209......Gilbert b 21 Sep 1100 Tunbridge d 6 Jan 1148 Caermathen m Isabel de MEULAN or BEAUMONT (b 1094 Leicester, widow of King Henry I) aft 1136

Gilbert Fitz Gilbert de Clare was made Earl of Pembroke in 1138 by King Stephen, his elder brother Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare being father of the Alice/Adelaide who married William de Percy. In the period of unrest and indecisive civil war known as the Anarchy, when followers of Stephen, Henry I's nephew, struggled with the Empress Maud, Henry I's daughter, Gilbert Earl of Pembroke sided with each one. He already held Chepstow, on the Welsh-English borders. In 1144 he pushed far into South Wales and established himself at Carmarthen.

See Stafford branch here
210......Rohesia b abt 1105 Clare d 1149 m Baderon de MONMOUTH (b 1112)



GENERATION 13



The Plantagenet coat of arms

167 Matilda m (a) Henry V (Holy Roman Emperor) bef 1125 (b) 172 Geoffrey "The Fair" PLANTAGENET of Anjou (b 1113 d 1151) 22 May 1127 Le Mans, France



The contemorary effigy of Geoffrey on his tomb

Geoffrey wore a sprig of Broom in his hat - the latin name for which was Planta Genista. It is generally agreed that this was the origin of the Plantagenet surname

Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. The length of her effective rule was brief, however - a few months in 1141. She was never crowned and failed to consolidate her rule (legally and politically). For this reason, she is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs, and her rival (and cousin) Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period 1135-1154. Their rivalry for the throne led to years of unrest and civil war in England that have been called The Anarchy. She did secure her inheritance of the Duchy of Normandy - through the military feats of her husband, Geoffrey - and campaigned unstintingly for her oldest son's inheritance, living to see him ascend the throne of England in 1154.

Children of Geoffrey and Matilda
193......Geoffrey b 24 Aug 1113 Anjou d 7 Sep 1151 Chateau du Loire
Note: Geoffrey became Comte de Anjou
194......Henry b 25 Mar 1133 Le Mans d 6 Jul 1189 Chinon
195......Geoffrey b 3 Jun 1134 Rouen d 27 Jul 1157 Nantes
196......William b 22 Jul 1136 Argentan d 30 Jun 1162 Rouen m Cecily Fitzpayn FITZJOHN 1155
197......Emma dob unknown m Dafydd Ap OWAIN abt 1128

Child of Geoffrey and concubine
198......Hamelin b 1130 Normandy d 2 Apr 1202 England


191 Maud or Matilda of Northumbria m (a) Simon de St LIZ ("The crusader" b 1046 Senlis, Normandy d 1111 La Charite) 1090 (b) David I (King of Scotland b 1081 d 1153 Carlisle) 1113

Maud or Matilda , was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens. (Waltheof was the last of the major Anglo Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest.) She had inherited her father's earldom of Huntingdon but when Waltheof was executed, her mother, Judith of Lens, refused a royal command to marry Simon de St Liz, Earl of Northampton. King William, her uncle, was angered by this and confiscated Judith's estates after she fled the country. Instead Maud married Simon .After his death she married David, King of Scotland to whom she brought the earldom of Huntingdon

A manuscript narrating the foundation of St Andrew's Priory, Northampton records that "duo fratres...Garnerius dictus le Ryche et Simon de Seynlyz filii Raundoel le Ryche" accompanied William the Conqueror to England. He was created Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton in [1087/90] after his marriage, presumably de iure uxoris, although his late father-in-law's earldom must have been forfeited in 1075 implying that a new grant would have been necessary. He witnessed a charter to Bath Abbey as "Earl Simon" in 1090. He built the castle of Northampton. "Symon et uxor mea Matildis" founded the St Andrew's, Northampton by undated charter, subscribed by "...Johannis nepotis comit...Symonis nepotis comitis, Warneri nepotis comit...Petri nepotis comitis...". "...Symonis comitis..." subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter. A manuscript narrating the foundation of St Andrew's Priory, Northampton records that Simon died "apud Caritatem"while returning from a journey to "terram sanctam" and was buried there

Children of Simon and Maud
211......Maud or Matilda b 1094 Hampshire d 1140
212......Isabel b abt 1130 Huntingdon m William MAUDIT abt 1160
213......Waltheof (of Melrose) b 1100 Northamptonshire d 1159
214......Simon II b 1103 Northamptonshire d 1153 m Isabel de BEAUMONT 1137

Children of David and Matilda
215......Henry b May 1114 d 12 Jun 1152 Kelso, Roxburghshire m Adelian De WARRENNE 1139 Warwick
216......Letitia 1119 d 1178 Wittenham, Surrey m Richard BOURNE 1140


194 Henry II PLANTAGENET m Eleanor d'AQUITAINE (b 1155 d 1183) 18 May 1152 Bordeaux

and with concubines

Children of Henry and Eleanor
217......William
b 1153 d 7 Mar 1155
218......Henry b 5 Mar 1132 Sarthe d 3 Jul 1189 Chinon
Note: Henry became King Henry III of England
219......Matilda b 1156 d 1189 m Duke Henry von Saschen
220......Richard b 1157 d 1199 m Berengaria de NAVARRE
Note: Richard became King of England and was known as "The Lionheart
221....Geoffrey b 1158 d 26 Jul 1186 m Constance de BRETAGNE
222......Eleanor b 1161 d 1214 m Alphonso de CASTILLE
223......Joanna b 1165 d 1199 m (a) William de SICILY (b) Raymond IV de TOULOUSE
224......John b 1167 d 1217 m Isabella de GLOUCESTER (b) Isabella d'ANGOULEME
Note: John became King of England

Child of Henry and mistress Ida de TOENI
225......
William b 1176 d 7 Mar 1226 Salisbury Castle
William became known as William Longspee, and was the 3rd Earl of Salisbury
226....Hamelin dob not known
227....Emma dob unknown d abt 1214 m Daffydd ap OWAIN Prince in Wales (d May 1203) 1174


200 Richard Fitzgilbert de CLARE m Adeliz le MESCHINE (b 1102 Chester d aft 1136)

Richard held the lordship of Ceredigion in Wales. A Welsh revolt against Norman rule had begun in south Wales, where on 1 January 1136 the Welsh won a victory over the local Norman forces between Loughor and Swansea. Richard had been away from his lordship in the early part of the year. Returning to the borders of Wales in April, he ignored warnings of the danger and pressed on towards Ceredigion with a small force. He had not gone far when he was ambushed and killed by the men of Gwent under Iorwerth ab Owain and his brother Morgan, grandsons of Caradog ap Gruffydd, in a woody tract called "the ill-way of Coed Grano", near the Abbey of Lanthony, Abergavenny.

The news of Richard's death induced Owain Gwynedd, son of Gruffydd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd to invade his lordship. In alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth he won a crushing victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr, just outside Cardigan. The town of Cardigan was taken and burnt, and Richard's widow, Adelize, took refuge in Cardigan Castle, which was successfully defended by Robert fitzMartin. She was rescued by Miles of Gloucester who led an expedition to bring her to safety in England.

Children of Richard and Adeliz

228......Roger b 1122 Tunbridge Castle d 1173 Clare
Note: After Rogers death, Maud married William d'AUBIGNY (2nd Earl of Arundel)
229......Gilbert b bef 1115 Tonbridge d 1152 Clare

Gilbert succeeded his father in the great family estates (which, besides the honour of Clare, included Tonbridge Castle), 15 April 1136, and was created, probably by King Stephen (?1138), 1st EARL OF HERTFORD, He appears afterwards to have joined the Empress, because when in 1145 the King took the Earl of Chester prisoner, the said Earl gave his nephew as hostage for his liberation

230......Adeliza b 1117 Tonbridge d 1162 m Sir William de PERCY, (Lord of Topcliffe)
231......Agnes b abt 1119 Clare m Richard la SCROPE (b abt 1115 Barton upon Humber)
232......Robert b 1120
233......Rohese b 1123 Tonbridge d aft 1175 m (a) Sir Gilbert le GAND (b) Sir Robert FITZROBERT
See Gilbert's ancestors
here
234......Adles b 125 Tonbridge Cadwaladr ap GRYFFUDD of Anglesey



GENERATION 14

225 William LONGSPEE (Earl of Salisbury) m Ela FITZPATRICK 1198 Salisbury



Tomb of William Longspee in Salisbury Cathedral

King Henry acknowledged William as his son and gave him the Honour of Appleby, Lincolnshire in 1188. Eight years later, his half-brother, King Richard I, married him to Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury in her own right, and daughter of William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.BR> During the reign of King John, Salisbury was at court on several important ceremonial occasions, and held various offices: sheriff of Wiltshire, lieutenant of Gascony, constable of Dover and warden of the Cinque Ports, and later warden of the Welsh Marches. He was then, circa 1213, appointed sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. He was a commander in the king's Welsh and Irish expeditions of 1210-1212. The king also granted him the honour of Eye.
In 1213, Salisbury led a large fleet to Flanders, where he seized or destroyed a good part of a French invasion fleet anchored at or near Damme. This ended the invasion threat but not the conflicts between England and France. In 1214, Salisbury was sent to help Otto IV of Germany, an English ally, who was invading France. Salisbury commanded the right wing of the army at their disastrous defeat in that year at the Battle of Bouvines, where he was captured.
By the time he returned to England, revolt was brewing amongst the barons. Salisbury was one of the few who remained loyal to John. He was appointed High Sheriff of Devon in 1217 and High Sheriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire in 1224. In the civil war that took place the year after the signing of the Magna Carta, Salisbury was one of the leaders of the king's army in the south. He was made High Sheriff of Wiltshire again, this time for life. After raising the siege of Lincoln with William Marshall he was also appointed High Sheriff of Lincolnshire (in addition to his current post as High Sheriff of Somerset) and governor of Lincoln castle. However, after the French prince Louis (later Louis VIII) landed as an ally of the rebels, Salisbury went over to his side. Presumably, he thought John's cause was lost.
After John's death and the departure of Louis, Salisbury, along with many other barons, joined the cause of John's young son, now Henry III of England. He held an influential place in the government during the king's minority and fought in Gascony to help secure the remaining part of the English continental possessions. Salisbury's ship was nearly lost in a storm while returning to England in 1225, and he spent some months in refuge at a monastery on the French island of Re.

Children of William and Ela
235......William b 1207 Salisbury d Al-Mansura, River Nile at Battle of Mansura m Idonea de CAMVILLE 1226
Note: William became the 2nd Earl of Salisbury
236......Isabel b 1208 Salisbury d 1248 Alnwick m William de VESCI (Lord Alnwich) 1240
237......Petronilla b 1209 Salisbury
238......Ela b 1211 Salisbury d 1248 m William de ODINGSELS abt 1240
239......Richard b 1214 Salisbury
240......Stephen b 1216 Salisbury d 1260 Sutton, Northamptonshire m Emmaline de RIDDLESFORD 1243
Note: Stephen became Earl of Ulster
241......Nicholas b 1218 Salisbury d 1297
Nicholas became Bishop of Saliabury
242......
Ida b 1219 Saliabury d 1269
243......Ela b 1220 Salisbury d 8 Feb 1297 m (a) Thomas de NEWBURG 1236 (b) Thomas de BEAUCHAMP 1248 (c) Philip BASSET (Lord Bassett of Wycombe)
244......Idonea b 1222 Salisbury d 1269 m William de BEAUCHAMP (Baron Bedford) 1229
245......Lora b 1224 Salisbury


211 Maud or Matilda St LIZ m Robert FITZRICHARD de Clare 1110

Child of Robert and Maud
246......Walter b 1110 Dunmow, Essex d 1198 Little Dunmow
247......Maud b bef 1134 Little Dunmow m William "Le Breton d'AUBIGNY (ALBINI)


228 Roger "The Good" De CLARE (2nd Earl of Hertford) m Matilda (Maud) de St HILARY (b 1132 Field Dalling, Norfolk d 24 Dec 1193 Buckenham, Norfolk) abt 1182 Ashenfield

Roger resumed the the campaign against the Welsh in Cardigan where, after 8 years, he was defeated in 1165. However, Roger did add some lands and nine knights' fees through his marriage to Maud, daughter and heir of the Norfolk baron James de St. Hillary. Roger died in 1173 and his widow, Maud, conveyed the remainder of the inheritance to her next husband, William de Aubigny, Earl of Arundel. The Clare estates along with the earldom passed to Roger's son, Richard, who for the next 4 decades until he died in 1217, was the head of the great house of CLARE, adding immensely to the wealth, prestige, and landed endowment of his line.

Children of Roger and Matilda (Maud)
248......Richard b abt 1153 Tonbridge, 28 Nov 1217 Clare
249......Elana b 1154 Tunbridge Castle m John de GREY
250......Mabel b 1160 Clare d 1204
250......Aveline dob unknown m Geoffrey FITZPIERS (Earl of Essex)
251......James b 1164 Clare
252......Roger b 1168 Clare
253......John b 1170 Clare
254......Henry b 1172 Clare



GENERATION 15

246 Walter FITZROBERT de CLARE (Lord of Dunmow Castle) m Matilda (Maud) de LUCY of Diss (b 1128 d after 1163) abt 1156

Children of Walter and Matilda (Maud)
255......Alice b abt 1159 Little Dunmow d after 1213 m Sir Gilbert PECCHE of Gt Bealings
256......Maud b abt 1161 Little Dunmow d aft 1196 m William de LUVETOT (Lord of Worksop)
257......Robert b abt 1162 Woodham Walter d 9 Dec 1235 Siege of Damietta, Egypt


248 Richard de CLARE (3rd Earl of Hertford) m Amice FitzRobert de MELLENT (b 1160 Tewkesbury d 1 Jan 1224) 1182 Ashenfield

Richard was Earl of Hertford, but, like his father and uncle, more generally known as Earl of Clare, son and heir, had a grant of a moiety of the Giffard estates. He was present at the coronation of Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189. In 1191 he was one of the eleven appointed by the Chancellor to determine (with eleven chosen on the part of Prince John) the questions between them. In 1193 he was enjoined (with others) by the Chancellor to accompany him on his return to the King, then a prisoner in Germany. He had acquittance in 1194 as being with the King in the army in Normandy. On the accession of King John in 1199 he was one of those of whom Archbishop Hubert and the partisans of the King entertained most doubt, and he received a summons to Northampton, where an oath was taken that King John would restore to every man his right, if they would keep peace with him, and they swore accordingly. He was present at the coronation of King John at Westminster, 27 May 1199, and at the homage of William, King of Scotland, at Lincoln. He sided,with the Barons against King John, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, and was one of the 25 Barons guardians thereof. On 9 Nov. 1215 he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to treat of peace with the King. On 4 March 1215 his lands in Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun, and, soon after his lands in other counties; and he and his son were excommunicated by Pope Innocent III in 1216.

Richard and Amice appear to have been separated (perhaps pending a dispensation) prior to 1200. Richard gave £1,000 to the king for livery of the lands of his mother's inheritance with his proportion of those sometime belonging to Giffard, Earl of Buckingham.

Children of Richard and Amice
258......Isabel b 1178
259......Gilbert b 1180 Hertford d 25 Oct 1230 Penrose, Brittany bur 10 Nov 1230 Tewksbury
260......Joan b 1184 Hertford m Tyni RHYS-GRYD (Lord of Ystrad)
261......Richard b 1184 Hertford d 4 May 1228 London
262......Matilda (Maud) b 1182 Lincoln d 1249 m (a) Roger de LACY (b abt 1176, Halton Castle d 1 Oct 1211 Pontefract (b) William de BRAOSE ( b 1175 Bramber)
See William's ancestors
here



GENERATION 16



Seal of Robert Fitzwalter

257 Robert FITZWALTER (Lord of Dunmow) m Rohese de BAYNARD (b 1180)

Child of Robert and Rohese
263......Walter b 1204 Little Dunmow d bef 1258 Woodham Walter


259 Gilbert de CLARE (5th Earl of Hertford and 7th Earl of Clare) m (a) Lady Isabel MARSHAL (b 1200 Pembroke bap apr 1206 St Davids d 16 Jan 1239 Berkhamstead Castle) 9 Oct 1217 Tewksbury Abbey (b) Alice de LUSIGAN (b 1224 Lusignan) 1249 Surrey

Gilbert de CLARE assumed the title of Earl of Gloucester and Hertford and was charged £350 relief for the honours of Clare, Gloucester, St. Hilary and his half of the old Giffard barony. He controlled some 456 knights fees, far more than any other, and it did not include some 50 fees he had in Glamorgan and Gwynllwg.

Children of Gilbert and Isabel
264......Agnes dob unknown
265......Amice b 27 May 1220 Usk d 21 Jan 1283 m Baldwin de RIVIERS (6th Earl of Devon)
266......
Richard b 4 Aug 1222 Mellent, Gloucestershired 15 Jul 1262 possibly poisoned by Peter de Savoy, a friend of Simon de Montfort.
267......Isabel b 2 Nov 1226 Tewksbury d aft 10 Jul 1264 Clevelandm Robert de BRUS (Earl Carrick, King of Scotland)
268......William b 18 May 1228 d 23 Jul 1258 Retherford Berwickshire
269......Gilbert b 1229

Child of Gilbert and Alice
270......Isabel b 10 Mar 1262 Winchcombe d 1333 m Lord Maurice II "the Magnanimous" de BERKELEY


242 Ida LONGSPEE m (a) 263 Walter FITZROBERT (Baron Baynard) (b 1205 Woodham Walter d 10 Apr 1258 Woodham Walter) abt 1240 (b) Ralph de SOMERY (b 1182 d 1212)

Children of Walter and Ida
271......Robert b 1247 Henham, Cumberland d 18 Jan 1325
272......Ela b 1248 Pirton, Hereford d 1293 m William II d'ODINGSELS abt 1270
273......Katherine b 1251 Woodham Walter
274......Lorn b 1253 Woodham Walter



GENERATION 17

266 Richard de CLARE (6th Earl of Hereford) m (a) Margaret de BURGH (b) Matilds (Maud) de LACY (Countess of Lincoln b abt 1223 Lincoln d 10 Mar 1288 Lincoln) 25 Jan 1237 Lincoln

Richard was the most powerful English noble of his time. He held estates in more than 20 English counties, including the lordship of Tewkesbury, wealthy manors in Gloucester, and the great marcher lordship of Glamorgan. He himself acquired the Kilkenny estates in Ireland and the lordship of Usk and Caerleon in south Wales, making him the greatest lord in south Wales; in Glamorgan especially he was almost an independent prince.

He refused to help King Henry III on the French expedition of 1253 but was with him afterward at Paris. Thereafter he went on a diplomatic errand to Scotland and was sent to Germany to work among the princes for the election of his stepfather, Richard, Earl of Cornwall, as king of the Romans. About 1258 Gloucester became a leader of the barons in their resistance to the king, and he was prominent during the proceedings that followed the Mad Parliament at Oxford in 1258. In 1259, however, he quarrelled with Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester; the dispute, begun in England, was renewed in France, and he was again in the confidence of the king. This attitude, too, was only temporary, and in 1261 Gloucester and Montfort were again working in concord. He was the 5th Earl of Gloucester.

Children of Richard and Matilda
275......Idonea dob unknown m Geoffrey de DUTTON
276......Isabella b 1240 m Gugliemo VII Di MONTSERRATO
277......Gilbert b 2 Sep 1243 Christchurch d 7 Dec 1295 Monmouth Castle bur 22 Dec 1295 Tewksbury
278......Thomas b 1245 Thomond, Connaught, Ireland d 29 Aug 1287 Thomond, Connaught, Ireland m Juliana FITZMAURICE (b 1249 Dublin d abt 1300)
279......Rohese Agnes b 17 Oct 1252 d aft 1316 m Sir Roger II de MOWBRAY 1270


271 Robert FITZWALTER (b 1247 d 18 Jan 1326 Lord FITZWALTER) m (a) Devorguilla de BURGH abt 1256 (b) Alianore de Ferrers

Note: Devorguilla was the daughter of Sir John de BURGH Baron Lanville and Cecilia de BALLIOL

FitzWalter was Constable of Castell y Bere castle in Merionethshire and of Hadleigh Castle in Essex as well as Captain and Keeper of the Peace in Essex. On 23 June 1295 he was summoned to Parliament as Lord FitzWalter.

Children of Robert and Devorguilla
280b....Walter b 1275 m Joan ENGAINE
280......Christiana b 1278 Woodham Walter
281......Robert b abt 1300



GENERATION 18

277 Sir Gilbert "The Red" de CLARE m (a) Alice de LUSINGAN 1253 (b) Princess Joan PLANTAGENET of Acre 1290

Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, "the Red Earl", son and heir,, being under age at his fat her's death, was a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. On 22 Mar 1262 he refused to take the oath of allegiance to Prince Edward, and in May acted with Montfort in the Oxford Parliament, and became recognised as one of the leaders in the Baron's party. The fruits of the honour of Clare were granted to him 8 Jul 1263, and on 3 Aug, though yet under age, the King having taken his homage, he had livery of his lands in Wales, livery of the rest of his lands being given 24 Sep 1264, he being then of age.
The Earl married Alice who is said to have become hypochondriacal, procured a divorce from her husband, judgement being given at Norwich 18 Jul 1271. When he married Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I, by Eleanor of Castile the Earl surrendered the greater part of his estates to the King, who regranted them to Gilbert and Joan and their issue, with other remainders. He died at Monmouth Castle, and was buried 22 Dec 1295, at Tewkesbury, on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert. On 20 Jan 1295/6 his widow was given livery of all her lands.

Children of Gilbert and Alice
282......Joan b 1261 Tonbridge m Siur Donnchad MACDUFF
283......Isabel b 1262 Winchcombe m Lord Maurice de BERKLEY

Children of Gilbert and Joan
284......Margaret b Oct 1292 Caerphilly Castle d 9 Apr 1342 m Sir Hugh de AUDLEY
285......Eleanor b Oct 1293 Caerphilly Castle d 30 Jun 1337 Tewksbury m Sir Hugh le DESPENSER
286......Elizabeth b 14 Sep 1295 Tewksbury d 4 Nov 1360 St Mary's Ware m (a) John de BURGH 1315 (b) Roger d'AMOUR
287......Gilbert b 10 May 1291 d 24 Jun 1314 Battle of Bannockburn m Maud de BURGH 1317 (no issue)

Gilbert was apparently admired as a courteous and honest man. Given the behaviour of some of his ancestors, wits may like to assume that Gilbert's personality came from his mother's side of the family! However, like so many of the de Clares before him, Gilbert was a brave and fierce fighter. He loyally supported the king and fought and died for Edward II at Bannockburn against the Scots in 1314.

The premature death of Gilbert in 1314 brought an end to the male line of the de Clare family, but his father and Joan of Acre's three daughters were all to be involved in significant marriages. This was probably due to the fact that the vast fortune acquired by the de Clare family was now divided between the three sisters, to be spent on a first come, fist served spending spree by whoever the King granted permission to marry the daughters.

Gilbert commanded the English forces invading Scotland in 1309. He was chosen as one of the ordainers who attempted to curtail Edward's irresponsible behavior in 1310, but nevertheless sided with Edward in his dispute with the chief ordainer, Thomas, 2nd earl of Lancaster. Gilbert tried unsuccessfully to mediate between the two in 1312-13.


280 Christiana FITZWALTER m William MARSHALL (b 1270 Hingham, Norfolk d 24 Jun 1314 Battle of Bannockburn) 1299

CHildren of William and Christiana
288......John b 1 Aug 1300 Hingham d 1314
289....Ellen b 1302 Hingham
290....Hawise b 1303 Hingham d 1342



GENERATION 19

290 Hawise MARSHALL m Sir Robert, Baron de MORLEY (b 1290 Swanton Morley d 23 Mar 1359 Bourogne, Marne, France)

Children of Robert and Haywise
291......William b 24 Jun 1319 Hockering d 30 Apr 1379 Hallingbury, Bishops Stortford bur Austin Friars Church, Norwich.
292......Thomas b 1321 Swanton Morley
293......Henry b 1323 Swanton Morley
See the MORLEY branch here



© Richard Green 2011

Return to Bigod tree