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William Crickmer the elder
Archdeaconry of Norfolk Will 1595 191 Bale
Spelling, punctuation, and capital letters have been modernised for ease of reading.
Transcription of the will of William Crickmere the elder, yeoman of Brockdish, 1595
In the name of God Amen. The fifteenth day of July in the year of our Lord God one thousand five hundred and ninety five, and in the seven and thirtieth year of the reign of our sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God of England, France and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the faith...
I William Crickmer the elder, of Brockdish in the County of Norfolk, yeoman, being of whole mind and of good and perfect remembrance (laud and praise be given to God therefore) do make and declare my present Testament, containing herein my last will in manner and form following:
First and before all things I commend my soul into the hands of almighty God trusting assuredly that by and through the mercy, death and passion of Jesus Christ, my only Redeemer and Saviour, I shall have free pardon, remission and forgiviness of all my sins, and that I shall obtain and inherit (in) the Kingdom of Heaven the place appointed for all the elect, and my body I commit to the earth from whence it came, to be buried in the Church or Churchyard of that parish where it shall please God to call me, at the discretion of my Executors hereafter named.
For those wordly and transitory goods lands Tenements and heriditaments wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me, I will that they shall be disposed (of) and bestowed in manner and form following, and to such persons as I have in this my will appointed and bequeathed (to) them that is to say:
I will, and my mind is, that my executors hereafter named shall presently after my decease deliver unto the Churchwardens, or collectors for the poor, inhabiting and dwelling within these several parishes and places hereafter named, the several sums of money herineafter particularly received by them, to be delivered to the poor sort of people dwelling within these several parishes and places ensuing, that is to say, to Brockdish six shillings and eight pence, to Needham and Mendham on the part of Norfolk six shillings and eight pence, to Harleston and Redenhall, six shillings and eight pence, To Billingford also Perleston three shillings and four pence, to Thorpe two shillings and sixpence, To Starston two shillings and six pence, To Rushall two shillings and sixpence, and to Wortwell and in the Parish of Redenhall three shillings and four pence.
Unto Rebecca Crickmer my wellbeloved Wife all that my tenement and yards thereunto belonging called "Wrights" which I bought of Gabbye Woodward, and that meadow which I purchased of Robert Dowsinge, and that little tenement and pightle which I bought of John Howard, Gentleman and one piece of land containing by estimation two acres be it, more or less, lying next to the lands called "Ballards" towards the North and the common called the "Fordale" towards the west, and also all that tenement wherein one William Bridge now dwelleth, all which said premises are situate and lying in Brockdish aforesaid, to have and to hold all the said premises, with the appurtenances, to the said Rebecca my wife and her assignes, for and during the whole term of her natural life, and after the decease of my said wife, then I do will, give and devise all the said premises to John Crickmer my son and to his heirs for ever.
Item. I will that the said John Crickmer my son shall, from the day of my decease, .... occupy all my malting offices with the chambers over them, and all other the houses of office belonging to the said malting offices, with free ingress, egress and regress into and from the same until his age of twenty and three years.
And I will that my said wife shall at her own cost and charge give and allow unto the said John Crickmer my son his board and lodging until his said age of twenty and three years. In consideration whereof I do give unto the said Rebecca my Wiefe all other my lands, tenements and hereditaments, meadows, pastures and feedings situate, lying and being in Brockdish aforesaid; except the said malting offices with the chambers over them and all other the houses of office belonging to the said malting offices, to have and to hold unto the said Rebecca and her assigns from the day of my decease until such time as the said John Crickmer my son shall accomplish his full age of twenty and three years.
Item. I will and devise all singular the said last recited premises to be and remain unto the said John Crickmere my son and to his heirs for ever
And whereas at the date of this my will there is paid unto Agnes Crickmer, widow, my stepmother, one Annuity of Ten Pounds during her natural Life, if therefore it shall happen the said Agnes Crickmer to depart this life at any time before the said John Crickmer my Son shall come to his said age of twenty and three years, then I will, and my mind is, that the said Rebecca my wife or her assigns shall from and after the decease of the said Agnes Crickmer, pay or cause to be paid to the said John Crickmere my son one annuity of ten pounds of lawful English money yearly and every year until the said John Crickmere shall come to his said age of twenty and three years, the same annuity to be paid at two terms in the year, that is to say at the Feast of St Michael The archangel and the annunciation of our Lady, by even and equal portions.
The first payment thereof to begin at the feast of the feasts aforesaid which shall first happen and next come after the decease of the said Agnes Crickmere. And if it shall happen the said annuity of ten pounds or any part thereof to be behind or unpaid, in part or in all, by the space of six days next after any of the said feasts in which the same ought to be paid, then it shall and may be lawful to and for the said John Crickmere my son and his assigns (to go) into all and singular the said lands, tenements and heriditaments before given to my said Wife, to enter and distrain, and the distress and distresses, then and there so take, and found to take, load, drive, carry away, detain, impound and keep until the said annuity of ten pounds and every part thereof, together with ye ar.....ge thereof if any shall be unto my said son John Crickmere or to his assigns fully satisfied, contented and paid.
Item. I give unto the said Rebecca my wife all my lands, tenements and heriditaments, meadows, pastures and feedings, both free- and copyhold situate lying and being in Stratton, Needham, Sterston and Rushall, or in any of them in the county of Norfolk, and now being in the several tenure, farms or occupation of Peter Hancock and the widow Hastings Baldry, or any of them, or their, or either of their, assigns, or of any other person or persons, by my devise or sufferance to have and to hold all and singular the said lands, tenements and heriditaments, meadows, pastures and feedings last before recited to the said Rebecca my Wife, her executors and her assigns, from the day of my decease until Gaudy Crickmer my Son do come to the full age of Twenty and four years.
And to have and to hold all my said lands and tenements in Stratton aforesaid to the said Rebecca my wife, her executors and assigns until William my son shall have accomplished his full age of Twenty and four years, keeping the houses in sufficient reparations, and paying the rents thereat issuing upon this condition following, that is to say that, she the said Rebecca, her executors, administrators or assigns, or any of them, do well and truly satisfy, content, or pay or cause to be satisfied, contented and paid all and every such sum and sums of money as I stand bound to pay unto Henry Jermyn Esquire, amounting to one hundred and four score pounds (£180)or thereabouts, and thereof and every part thereof, sufficiently keep harmeless my other executors hereafter named,
and upon condition that the said Rebecca my wife shall in her widowhood and before her marriage with any man after my decease become bound with one sufficient surety to John Crickmere my cousin, Thomas Gowen and John Crickmere my son, or to the survivors of them in several writings (and) obligatories containing penal sums double in value for the true payment of all such legacies gifts and bequeaths hereafter in this my Will given limited and appointed to my four daughters severally hereafter named at such several times as hereafter is expressed.
That is to say, I give and devise unto Ann Crickmere my daughter the some of one hundred and three score pounds (£160) that is to say of lawful English money to be paid unto her by the said Rebecca my Wife in manner and form hereafter expressed. That is to say in and upon the feast day of St. Luke the evangelist which shall be four years next after my decease, the some of forty pounds of lawful English money and in and upon the feast day of St. Luke the Evangelist then next following other forty pounds both the said payments to be made at or in my house in Brockdish wher I now dwell.
Item I give and bequeath unto Temperance my daughter the like some of one hundred and three score pounds of lawful English money to be paid unto her in manner and form following That is to say at the feast day of St. Luke the Evangelist which shall be six years next after my decease forty pounds and at the feast day of St. Luke the Evangelist then next following, other forty pounds at the place of payment aforesaid, and so forth at the said feast day and at the place of payment aforesaid yearly to the said Ann My daughter forty pounds of lawful English money untill her said Legacy of one hundred and three score pounds shall be unto her fully satisfied and paid. And after that again to the said Temperance my daughter forty pounds yearly at the day and place of payment before mentioned until her said legacy of one hundred and sixty pound be unto her fully satisfied and paid
Item I give and bequeath to Mary and Grace my daughters, to each of them one hundred pounds of lawful English money, to be raised from the issues and profits of my lands and tenements in Stratton, Needham, Sterston and Rushall, and to be paid by my said Wiefe yearly at the rate of forty pounds beginning first with Mary and so continuing untill her said legacy shall be fully satisfied and paid at the day and place of payment before mentioned, and afterwards to the said Grace yearly and r...e at the day and place of payment aforesaid until her said legacy shall be fully answered and paid.
And my Will and mind is that my executors here after named or the survivor or survivors of them shall have the oversight and disposition of the said severall sums of money amounting to the sum of two hundred pounds before (being) devised to my said two younger daughters, that the same may be employed or used for them. And either of their benefit and commodity thereof to yield a true account and payment to either of them at their severall ages of twenty and one years.
And if it shall happen (that) any of my said four daughters viz: Anne, Temperance, Mary and Grace to depart this life before their said day or days of payment, with(out) issue of their bodies lawfully begotten, then I Will, (and) my mind and intent is, that the survivor or survivors of them shall have her or their part so deceased or so much therof as shall then be unpayed.
And if any of them shall depart this world leaving issue of her body, then I will her part so deceasing shall remain to the same issue equally to be divided. Provided always that if the said Rebecca my wife, her executors adminstrators and assigns shall make default of the payment of the said several sums of money before mentioned to be paid to the said William Jermyn Esquire, or of any part thereof, or shall not become bound accordingly for the true paymente of the said several legacies to my said daughters according to this my will, Then I will, and my mind and intent is that my Cousin John Crickmere of Fressingfeild and my brother in Law Thomas Gowen, or the survivors of them, or the heir or executor of the survivor of them, shall enter into all and singular the said last recited premises situate and being in Stratton, Needham, Sterston, and Rushall, or in either of any of them and into every part and parcel of them, and the same and every part therof shall have, hold and enjoy and take and receive the profits of them until the said Gaudy Crickmere and William Crickmere my sons shall have accomplished their several age of twenty and three years, so as they or any of them that shall so enter and take the profits, shall enter into sufficient bond to my said sonne John Crickmere for the payment of the said sums of money, and answering of the said several legacies, to my said daughters as my said Wife should have done within the space of fourteen days next after his or their entry into the premises and in default of such sufficient bond to be laid in by him or them aforesaid, I will that my said sonne John Crickmere shall enter into all and singular the said lands and tenements in Stratton, Needham, Sterston, and Rushall aforesaid and the same shall hold and enjoy as my said wife should have done, until the several age of twenty and four years of my said two younger sons, and he or his heirs, executors or assigns with the issues and profits thereof to pay the said sums of money and legacies to my said daughters in such manner and form as before is limited and appointed, anything herein before mentioned to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding.
Item I give and devise unto the said Gaudy Crickmere my son all my lands tenements and heriditaments situate lying and being in Needham, Sterston, and Rushall aforesaid to hold to him and his heirs for ever, and he to enter the same at his said age of twenty and four years. And I will that he, his heirs or assigns shall from and after his and their entry thereunto well and truly pay or cause to be paid to the said Rebecca his mother or her assigns one annuity or yearly pension of ten pounds of lawful money of England yearly, and every year during the natural life of the said Rebecca, at or within the Mansion House where I now dwell in Brockdish aforesaid, at two times in the year, that is to say, at the feast of St Michael the Archangel and the annunciation of the Virgin Mary. by even and equal portions, the first payment thereof to begin at that feast (of the feasts aforesaid) which shall first happen, and come next after that the said Gaudie Crickmere my son shall come to his full age of twenty and four years.
And if it shall happen the said Gaudie Crickmere my son make default of the payments of the said annuity or yearly pension of ten pounds, or any part thereof by the space of six days next after any of the said feasts at which the same ought to be payed, then I will, and my mind is, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Rebecca my wife or her assigns (to go) into all and singular the said lands, tenements and heriditaments before given to the said Gaudy Crickmere my son, or into any part or parcel of them, to enter and distrain and distress and distresses then and there so found had and taken lawfully to take, load, drive, carry away, detain, keep and impound until the said annuity of ten pounds and every part and parcel thereof together with the arranges thereof, if any, shall be unto the said Rebecca my Wife or her assigns fully satisfied, contented, or paid, provided nowithstanding any gift heretofore made of my Lands and Tenements in Needham aforesaid.
My will and mind is that the little Tenement in the street there wherein Peter Hancocke dwelleth with the lands thereunto appertaining shall be sold by my executors, or any two of them at any time during the natural life of my said wife, towards the performance of this my last Will and Testament if necessary cause or occasion shall so require or else not.
Item: I will and devise unto William Crickmere my son all my lands and tenements situate, lying and being in Stratton aforesaid or in any other town there next adjoining to hold to him and his heirs for ever, and he to enter the same at his age of twenty and four years. And whereas at the day of the making of this my Will by a certain Deed indented of a conditional foeffenence or mortgage bearing date the seven and twenty day of March in the five and thirty year of the reign of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth the Queen's Majesty that now is, I do stand and am enfeoffed in a certain little Messuage or Tenement lately builded with a garden or yard with (the) same adjoining of the gift, grant and enfeoffement of one Lawrence Andrewes situate in Perleston, to have and to hold to me and my heirs upon condition of the payment of fifteen pounds of lawful English money, in such manner and form and at such day and place as is expressed and set down in the said deed indented.
My mind, Intent and Will is that if the said Lawrence Andrewes do make default of the payment of the said Tenement of fifteen pounds, contrary to the true intent and meaning of the said deed indented, That my said Wife, or her assigns, shall enter into the said premises, and have, hold and enjoy the same during her natural life, and after her deceasse to remain to my son John Crickmere and his heirs.
Provided always that if need be I Will the same little Tenement with the Appurtenances lastly recited shall be sold to the best profit by my Wife, and one other of my said Executors, that will join with her in the said sale there towards the performannce of this my Will this gift thereof notwithstanding. And if the said Lawrence Andrewes shall pay the said some of fifteen pounds according to the tenure of the said deede indented, then I will that my said wife, her Executors, Administrators or Assigns shall pay or cause to be paid the said some of fifteen pounds to the said William my son at the age of one and twenty years. And if he shall happen to departe this life before that his age (is) accomplished Then I will the said sum of fifteen pounds be equally divided to my two younger daughters at their age of twenty years.
And also whereas I have certain Lands, Tenements and heriditaments until my said Son William shall accomplish the age of one and twenty yeares, and if cause shall so require, I will the same Tenements and lands lastly recited shall be sold by my said Executors, or by any two of them for and towards the performance of this my Will and testament.
Item. I will and Charge my said Wife that she or her assigns do not at any time hereafter sell or cut down any wood, underwood timber or trees growing or being upon any the lands, tenements or heriditaments before to her given or bequeathed by this my Will but only for the necessary repairing of the houses, pales, gates and walls for her sufficient fuel to be expended only at her dwelling house.
Item: I do give and bequeath unto Thomas Gowen and Margery his wife my Sister, to either of them ten shillings to be paid unto them by my Executors hereafter named presently after my decease.
Item: I do give unto every one of the Children of the said Thomas Gowen and Margery now being born ten shillings apiece to be paid unto them and every of them as they and every of them shall accomplish their several age of three and twenty years or severall days of Marriage whichsoever shall come first next after my decease And if it shall happen of the said Children do depart this present life before he she or they shall come to the said age of three and twenty years or be married, then I will that the part or parts of him her or them so deceased shall be equally parted and divided to and amongst the rest of the said Children then being alive
And I do give unto Sible my sister twenty shillings of lawful english money to be paid unto her by my said wife within two yeares after my decease
Item: I do give unto the said John Crickmere my son all such implements of household, brewing vessels and Malting Vessels as now be remaining within any the houses and buildings wherein John Crickmere deceased my Father did lately dwell. All the residue of my moveable goods and debts of what kind soever they be I do give them to the said Rebecca my wife to the intent that she shall see my children well and virtuously brought up, my depts paid, my body Christianlike brought to the earth. And upon Condition that she shall not at any time during her natural Life ask, demand, lawfully challenge or sue for any dower in any of my lands tenements or heriditaments, other than such as I have hertofore in this my testament and last will given unto her. And if she shall demand or sue for any dower into or out of any my said lands or tenements, then I will that such of my sons shall have my moveable goods and debts before given to my said Wife as shall loose any benifit or profit of his or their lands to them or him given or devised by reason of the dower of the said Rebecca
And I do nominate, ordain, appoint and make the said Rebecca my wife, John Crickmere my son, Thomas Gowen and John Crickmere my cousin executors of this my testament and last will
And I do give unto the said Thomas Gowen and John Crickmere my cousin to either of them twenty shillings to be paid to them and either of them by the said Rebecca my wife over and besides all their ordinary charge and expense which they and every of them shall be at or sustain by reason of any matter or buisiness concerning this my will
And in Witness that this is my very true testament wherein is contained my last Will, and that I do revoke disanull and make fenstrate and void all other Wills hertofore by me made, I have to every one of the sheets beinge fourteen in number set my hand and seal the day and year first above written In the presence and testimony of John Wythe gent Thomas Gowen John Bradshawe and John Culham
Probate granted to: Johanni Crickmere and Thome Gowen Executors and the
will was proved within the court of the Archdeaconry of Norfolk (ANF).
Reference : N.R.O. MF 195. pages 192 -201